Asia's Wirtschaftswunder: China Overtaking Germany as Third Biggest Economy
China's economy is continuing to expand at a blistering rate -- with 11.5 percent growth in the third quarter of 2007. It is now poised to overtake Germany as the world's third largest economy within weeks and will soon also take Germany's crown as the world's biggest exporter.
Video promotions in a brand-new supermarket in Shenyang, China. China's economy continues to expand at a rapid rate, with 11.5 percent growth in the third quarter of this year.
The country's National Bureau of Statistic announced Thursday that efforts to keep the expansion under control were succeeding. "Due to macro-economic controls, we have turned the economy from being an overheating one to being one of speedy growth," spokesman Li Xiaochao told a news conference in Beijing.
The juggernaut economy is fuelled by a double-digit surge in exports and investment despite numerous interest rate hikes. "Industrialization, urbanization and China's global manufacturing power are the three engines that continue to drive very high growth," Chen Xingdong, chief economist at BNP Paribas Peregrine told Reuters.
China's communist government is facing a delicate balancing act between maintaining high growth to ease poverty while avoiding runaway expansion which could provoke a financial crisis. Beijing increased interest rates five times this year alone and inflation was down to 6.2 percent in September, from a decade-high 6.5 percent in August.
China is now on track to overtake Germany as the world's third largest economy. In 2006, the Chinese economy was already worth $2.7 trillion, just slightly behind Germany's $2.9 trillion. By late 2007 or early 2008 at the latest China will usurp Germany's place behind the United States and Japan.
And another German title is soon to be snatched away: that of global export leader. According to the German Chambers of Industry and Commerce (DIHK) China is expected to overtake Germany as the world's biggest exporter by 2008 at the latest.
Stay informed with our free news services:
© SPIEGEL ONLINE 2007
All Rights Reserved
Reproduction only allowed with the permission of SPIEGELnet GmbH
Corriere della Sera
MORE FROM SPIEGEL INTERNATIONAL
German PoliticsMerkel's Moves: Power Struggles in Berlin
World War IITruth and Reconciliation: Why the War Still Haunts Europe
EnergyGreen Power: The Future of Energy
European UnionUnited Europe: A Continental Project
Climate ChangeGlobal Warming: Curbing Carbon Before It's Too Late