After the Trojan War, Odysseus' journey ended on the island of Ithaca, which later became part of the Byzantine Empire. Located in the middle of the Ionian Sea, it is covered with vegetation and has few beaches, which explains why no one was particularly interested in it or other neighboring rocky islands south of Corfu for a long time.
Only a few of the rich and powerful have anchored their yachts in Ithaca's coves, including Winston Churchill, John F. Kennedy, Jr., Maria Callas, Madonna, Prince Charles and the Russian oligarch Roman Abramovich.
Celebrities are attracted to the group of islands off the west coast of Greece because they are sparsely populated, and their coves are relatively inaccessible and protected from the eyes of the paparazzi. There is nothing celebrities desire more than spending their vacations without being observed -- and in the company of other celebrities. This is probably why Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, the Emir of Qatar, cast his anchor there. He must have liked what he saw, because he promptly decided to buy some of the islands in the area.
Since then, Denis Grivas' phone has been ringing off the hook. An engineer with a doctorate from the University of California, Berkeley, he lived in the United States for a long time before returning to his native island of Ithaca in 1994. He too once owned an island in the Ionian Sea, a four-and-a-half square-kilometer rock called Atokos, apparently suited for little more than goats and sheep. But he eventually sold the island. How could Grivas have known that one of the richest men in the world would be interested in islands like his one day?
The Return of Hope
It all began centuries ago, when the Grivas family acquired 10 small islands near Ithaca. When Grivas's grandfather passed on the islands to his sons, his father received six islands. But there wasn't much he could do with them. Even shepherds and goatherds felt the islands were too rugged to lease them as pasture for their animals.
When his father died in 1973, Denis Grivas inherited one of the islands, Atokos. But when he was unable to pay the hefty inheritance tax and the authorities temporarily confiscated his passport, he began looking for a buyer. He finally found one in 1982, with the help of a Hamburg broker. Grivas sold Atokos for the equivalent of about 1 million ($1.3 million), and his passport was returned.
It seemed like a good deal at the time, but now he regrets selling Atokos. The emir has brought both hope and money back to the Ionian Sea. The Arab ruler reportedly paid 5 million for Oxeia, an uninhabited island near Ithaca. He also reportedly paid Grivas' sister, a homemaker in California, several million for five smaller islands, although the final transfer of title hasn't yet taken place.
Since then, Grivas and his family have become famous and are now receiving inquiries from around the world, even from as far away as Singapore and Nepal. A gold fever of sorts has also erupted among Grivas' neighbors. A few weeks ago, the daughter of a Russian businessman apparently bought, or at least leased, the neighboring island of Skorpios. "The emir has brought a feeling of hope back to the islands, something that was missing in these depressed times," says Grivas.
No Longer Relying on Tourism
"The best approach is to conduct fair and direct business deals," Qatar's premier told his Greek counterpart Antonis Samaras when he visited Doha in January to drum up investment. The emir is now taking his prime minister's advice literally.
He apparently intends to build a private estate for his family on Oxeai, says Ithaca Mayor Ioannis Kassianos, although he doesn't know exactly what the estate will look like. But it will undoubtedly be grand, given that the emir has three wives and 24 children. Kassianos advises the man on whom he is now pinning his hopes to bring along plenty of patience. "Even if you are the emir of Qatar and are buying an island, the paperwork still takes 18 months," he says.
Kassianos, a former business professor, also returned from the United States in the 1990s. As the nonpartisan mayor of Ithaca for the last two-and-a-half years, he has been trying to lead his community out of the crisis. "Nothing worked throughout the entire time, and now someone comes along and is bringing in money," he says. A lot of money, in fact. The Qatari ruler apparently wants to invest about 200 million in his summer retreat.
The mayor now hopes that his island will finally get a water pipeline to the mainland and garbage collection. He expects that both services will undoubtedly materialize once the emir starts building. A harbor expansion is also likely, he says, as well as a new shipyard. Workers will be needed, as well as provisions for the workers, and it seems logical that the emir will turn to Ithaca for these things. Besides, Kassianos argues, the emir's plans will likely attract other wealthy investors. "We will no longer be dependent on tourists, and we'll be able to double our revenues," says Kassianos.
But Grivas, who sold his island too early, is unlikely to benefit from the gold rush. "When you sell something, you sell it with all of your heart," he says. "I had no choice at the time. It had to happen." Now he's waiting for his retirement pension.