Die Homepage wurde aktualisiert. Jetzt aufrufen.
Hinweis nicht mehr anzeigen.

Poverty Migration: Berlin Backs UK's 'Benefit Tourism' Offensive 

By and

David Cameron: "Free movement within Europe needs to be less free." Zoom
DPA

David Cameron: "Free movement within Europe needs to be less free."

Germany has now stepped into the UK-triggered fray over introducing new restrictions on migration within the EU. The European Commission is enraged, and even conservative EU parliamentarians warn of pandering to populists.

"Free movement within Europe needs to be less free," British Prime Minister David Cameron wrote on Friday in a guest editorial for the Financial Times. Then he outlined a detailed list of ways the United Kingdom plans to limit access for European Union citizens to his country's social benefits.

The attack on some of the EU's most popular basic rights has sparked outrage across Europe, though Cameron has defended his comments by saying that other countries -- such as Germany, Austria and the Netherlands -- share his position.

Indeed, in April the four countries sent a letter to the European Commission complaining of the burden immigrants have placed on their social systems and calling for solutions. And in the new coalition contract between Chancellor Angela Merkel's Christian Democratic Union (CDU), its Bavarian sister party, the Christian Social Union (CSU) and the Social Democratic Party (SPD), the CSU pushed through several passages critical of migration under the heading "Poverty Migration within the EU." National and European laws must be changed so that "incentives for migrants in social security systems will be reduced," it says. Among other things, it continues, it should be possible to erect temporary re-entry barriers for people who have cheated the system. In addition, it should be "clarified" which benefits could be withheld from jobseekers.

The escalation in rhetoric is related to an impending deadline: Beginning on Jan. 1, 2014, there will be full freedom of movement for workers from Romania and Bulgaria. Both countries have been full European Union members since 2007, but their citizens have thus far faced restricted access to labor markets in nine other EU states. Experts believe that the feared stampede of new migrants will not materialize because the majority of people who wanted to move abroad did so a long time ago. But politicians in Western Europe are still nervous. Cameron, in particular, is worried that the right-wing populist UK Independence Party (UKIP) will make massive gains in the European Parliament elections scheduled for next spring.

'Legitimate Concerns and Problems'

At the next meeting of EU interior ministers, to be held on Dec. 5, Germany and the UK therefore want to bring renewed pressure to the topic. Germany's incumbent interior minister, Hans-Peter Friedrich (CSU), will take part. "The commission is called upon to respond in its final written report for the forthcoming council in December to the legitimate concerns and problems of member states and to identify real solutions," says an Interior Ministry spokesman. From a German point of view, this refers in particular to what measures and sanctions are allowed against the "abuse of the right to free movement on the basis of European law."

"That is especially true for the imposition of temporary re-entry barriers," the spokesman told SPIEGEL ONLINE.

The UK has plans that go much further: Cameron's government also wants to curb benefits for things such as child benefits for foreigners from EU states and is discussing new rules for future candidates for EU accession. The proposal would only grant these countries' citizens access to the EU labor market once these countries had achieved a certain level of per capita income. On this, Germany's Interior Ministry only says: "We have no comment on individual national measures that would affect other member states in this context."

Austria and the Netherlands, on the other hand, appear to have dropped out of the campaign against benefit tourism. A spokesman for the Austrian Interior Ministry in Vienna said the country currently doesn't see any need for negotiations because the problem of benefit tourism doesn't exist there. Meanwhile, the Dutch labor ministry says that it will have a look at Cameron's plans, but that it doesn't currently have any of its own demands to make of the EU. The main worry in The Hague, it continues, is not abuse of social benefits, but rather the issue of whether one can guarantee equality of pay for Romanian and Bulgarian immigrants.

Is the Problem Being Exaggerated?

This week, the European Commission submitted a "five-point plan" as a response to the interior ministers. It calls for publishing a handbook related to sham marriages, clarifying the rules related to residency tests, offering online training to municipal employees and hosting a meeting of various mayors in February to allow the exchange of best practices. What's more, it calls for EU Social Funds to be used to improve the living conditions of residents of poorer EU countries. Absent from the document, however, is any mention of harsher sanctions against migrants.

Indeed, the Commission believes that the extent of the problem has been exaggerated. The spokesman for Laszlo Andor, the EU commissioner for employment and social affairs, told SPIEGEL ONLINE Thursday that not a single EU member state had provided evidence to support claims about so-called "benefit tourism." Citing a recent report by the European Commission, he added that jobless EU migrants make up less than 5 percent of those claiming social benefits in most EU states, and that the majority of them are students and pensioners. Likewise, a study published by the Centre for European Policy Studies in September concluded that social benefits did not exert a magnetic effect on EU migrants.

Thus, in Brussels' view, there is no need to amend related EU rules. The EU's Free Movement Directive already allows members states to take "all necessary measures" against EU foreigners in cases of social-benefit abuse, including expulsion.

In fact, even conservatives in the European Parliament view the British campaign as overblown. "Cameron should stop running after UKIP," said Manfred Weber, a member of Germany's center-right Christian Social Union (CSU) who serves as vice chair of the conservative European People's Party (EPP) in the European Parliament. "He only strengthens UKIP with his rhetoric." EU law already prohibits immigration into social systems, he added, and all possibilities must first be exhausted at the national level should there be any implementation problems.

EU Justice Commissioner Viviane Reding has gone even further, suggesting that the UK should give some thought to exiting the European single market.

Article...
Comments
Discuss this issue with other readers!
12 total posts
Show all comments
    Page 1    
1. So this is Liberalism?
ZeLuiz 11/29/2013
Neoliberals would rather be named "liberal" or "neoclassical" economists - but, whatever they call themselves, the idea they have been selling to us for several decades now is that the economy thrives on the unrestricted movement of capital, goods and labour. Of this triad, only capital has enjoyed real freedom. Maybe our current predicament has a lot a great deal to do with financiers, not starving workers, "abusing the right to free movement"?
2. optional
edwards.mikej 11/30/2013
So much for EU solidarity just screw the poor and unemployed and be sure there plenty of unemployed. Most of all learn from the Germans and beggar your neighbor for your own political and economic gain.
3. Berlin Backs UK's 'Benefit Tourism' Offensive
westdande 11/30/2013
Weasel words from commissioners with grandiose ideals of their European ‘super state’ unwilling to address what are genuine concerns of many European citizens, not just those in the UK and Germany. Then there’s the real ‘Elephant in the room’ is the issue, not of genuine refugees, but of significant economic migration from outside the EU. Unfortunately something else ‘Brussels’ sticks its ‘head in the sand’ over. And of course – by way of ‘balance’ - five nations – Latvia, Greece, Spain, Portugal and Hungary – are currently allowing wealthy immigrants to effectively ‘buy’ resident visas based on property investment allowing unfettered access to the border-less Schengen zone. (Reported here - http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/immigrants-buy-visas-in-latvia-as-europe-locks-out-the-poor-a-926543.html .)
4. Enquiry
josephinehydehartley 12/02/2013
One wonders if the current arrangements will enable a host country to obtain the real cost of benefits/ hospitality given to a newcomer directly from that individual immigrants country of origin - this would be in order to play the importunate neighbour ( see bible), rather than the part of the man who really didn't want to open up his domain- even to help a friend. If not, why not?
5. optional
spon-facebook-10000061525 12/02/2013
Benefit tourism is not only an exagerated problem, it's a topic rasied by politicians to get votes from a certain part of their electorate. Romania and Bulgaria are already starved of skilled workers, and this problem will only agravate after restrictions are lifted. Romania already has a big problem with workers shortage. Also there will be no more restrictions on EU citizens who want to buy land in Romania, which is 2-10 times cheaper than other EU countries. So the biggest loser could be Romania.
Show all comments
    Page 1    

© SPIEGEL ONLINE 2013
All Rights Reserved
Reproduction only allowed with the permission of SPIEGELnet GmbH




Photo Gallery
Photo Gallery: Asylum in Europe by the Numbers

International Newsletter
Sign up for our newsletter -- and get the very best of SPIEGEL in English sent to your email inbox twice weekly.
Twitter
Facebook