Crack in the EU: Poland and Kaliningrad Open Borders for Locals
Russia and Poland moved last week to open the border between Kaliningrad and neighboring Polish communities for visa-free travel. The move creates new freedom for people living in the exclave, which is surrounded by EU countries and is located some 350 kilomoters from Russia proper.
The external frontier of the Schengen zone, Europe's border-free travel area, has opened -- but just a crack. For the first time, Russia and Poland have begun testing visa-free border travel between the Russian exclave Kaliningrad and neighboring Polish areas, meaning visas are no longer required for border crossings into the Russian region for local residents living anywhere from Gdansk to Masuria in eastern Poland.
In Moscow, Kremlin officials are viewing the decision as a first step toward a complete elimination of the visa requirement. Otherwise, they say, Russia wouldn't have agreed to open the borders to its Baltic Sea exclave, which is located more than 350 kilometers from the rest of Russia.
Kaliningrad, which was the German city of Königsberg until the end of World War II and the birthplace of philosopher Emmanuel Kant, is about as large in area as the German state of Schleswig-Holstein and is home to around 1 million people. In recent decades, the exclave has been better known abroad for crime than for its charms.
Gas and Grocery Tourism
But Poles are also hoping to attract Kaliningrad residents to the border region. Hotels in Masuria are already advertising special offers in newspapers in Kaliningrad. And in the city of Braniewo, located about half way between Gdansk and Kaliningrad, a major shopping center is being built where Russians can purchase groceries cheaper than they can back home.
Meanwhile, Polish border officials have also announced that they will intensify controls at the borders of the visa-free travel zone. If Russians are caught traveling beyond the permitted 50 kilometers, they can be punished with a five-year ban on entering the EU.
© SPIEGEL ONLINE 2012
All Rights Reserved
Reproduction only allowed with the permission of SPIEGELnet GmbH
Click on the links below for more information about DER SPIEGEL's history, how to subscribe or purchase the latest issue of the German-language edition in print or digital form or how to obtain rights to reprint SPIEGEL articles.
- Frequently Asked Questions: Everything You Need to Know about DER SPIEGEL
- Six Decades of Quality Journalism: The History of DER SPIEGEL
- A New Home in HafenCity: SPIEGEL's New Hamburg HQ
- Reprints: How To License SPIEGEL Articles