Missing the Point: Hungarian Leader Whitewashes Anti-Semitism

By James Kirchick in Budapest

Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban spoke at the World Jewish Congress in Budapest but failed to address the issue of anti-Semitism in Hungary head-on. Zoom
REUTERS

Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban spoke at the World Jewish Congress in Budapest but failed to address the issue of anti-Semitism in Hungary head-on.

Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán sought this weekend to convince some 500 Jewish leaders gathered in Budapest that his government is committed to combating a frightening increase in anti-Semitism. His speech, however, was notable more for what it left out than what it said.

Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán began his speech before the annual plenary of the World Jewish Congress (WJC) in Budapest by attempting to downplay the problem of rising anti-Semitism in his country.

"Your leaders justified your visit by the fact that they wished to draw the world's attention to increasing anti-Semitism in Hungary," he said, before going onto claim that however bad anti-Semitism in Hungary might seem, the situation is worse in other European countries.

"There are places where anti-Semitism claims the lives of schoolchildren and where there's not even any consensus in these place on holding a minute of silence to honor the victims," he said on Sunday, in apparent reference to France, where an Islamist killed four people, including three young children, at a Jewish school in Toulouse last year. "Nothing of this nature has occurred in Hungary."

Tensions were running high weeks before the conference began. Orbán was put on the defensive by a scathing op-ed from WJC President Ron Lauder in Germany's daily Süddeutsche Zeitung, accusing the prime minister of having "lost his moral compass."

While praising the Hungarian prime minister's early political achievements, which included steering his country out from communism into Western institutions like the European Union and NATO, "his second term as premier has been marked by an increasing narrow-mindedness on certain socioeconomic and political matters." And despite having a massive, veto-proof, two-thirds majority in parliament, Lauder alleged, Orbán "panders to the far-right fringe of Hungarian politics," namely, the neo-fascist Jobbik Party, which won nearly 17 percent of the vote in 2010 parliamentary elections.

Dragging Hungary 'Through the Mud'

Lauder's article, and Orbán's subsequent accusation that the billionaire heir to the Estée Lauder cosmetics fortune bore a personal grudge against him due to a lawsuit he had filed against the Hungarian government over a failed business deal, set the stage for Sunday's showdown. In his remarks introducing Orbán, Lauder mentioned several specific examples of anti-Semitic sentiment in Hungary, implicitly challenging the prime minister to address them one by one. Lauder referred to Miklos Horthy -- the authoritarian ruler who allied Hungary with Nazi Germany and presided over the deportation of over 400,000 Jews to Auschwitz -- as "a vicious anti-Semite." Since Orbán's Fidesz party came to power in 2010, municipalities across Hungary have erected statues honoring Horthy with no protest -- and at times active support -- of government figures.

Lauder next condemned the awarding of a prestigious state journalism prize to a TV presenter who had made bigoted remarks about Jews and Gypsies. "Thankfully the government withdrew this prize," Lauder said. "But the fact that it was awarded in the first place is the kind of thing that has us worried."

Lauder specifically called out right-wing journalist, Fidesz co-founder, and Orbán confidante Zsolt Bayer, who earlier this year penned a newspaper column referring to Roma as "cowardly, repulsive, noxious animals," who are "unfit to live among people" and "shouldn't be allowed to exist." Remarking that, "Such words are reminiscent of the darkest era in European history," Lauder said, "Jews are again wondering whether they will have to leave the country, for similar reasons."

Lauder concluded by acknowledging that, "Hungary's international reputation has suffered in recent years," not, as Orbán and his supporters claim, because it is being "smeared by the foreign press," but rather due to "extremists" in the Jobbik party. On Saturday, the day before the WJC conference opened, about 700 Jobbik supporters held a demonstration in downtown Budapest where they railed against "Zionists" who had "subjugated" the "indigenous people" of Hungary. "Jobbik is dragging the good name of Hungary through the mud," Lauder said.

Failing to Confront the Problem

Confronted with so many examples of anti-Semitic incitement, Orbán's speech was notable more for what it left out than what it said. The prime minister never once mentioned Horthy, who remains a popular figure with many Hungarians. His failure to do so was particularly worrisome when he spoke of "the Nazi and Arrow Cross destruction of an authentic Jewish community" in Hungary. The Arrow Cross was a Fascist party that headed a Nazi puppet regime from October 1944 until March 1945. While Arrow Cross members murdered many Jews, the mass deportations of hundreds of thousands occurred during the rule of Horthy, with the active assistance of Hungarian government police and gendarmerie. By failing to mention Horthy in this context -- in effect blaming the tragedy that befell Hungarian Jewry on the Germans and one particular Hungarian political party -- Orbán absolved Horthy and the Hungarian state itself of complicity in the Holocaust.

Orbán made no mention of the Jobbik party, whose provocations he has been hesitant to condemn throughout his tenure. By contrast, in a speech to the plenary Monday morning, German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle described the far-right party as standing in opposition to the "community of values" embodied by Europe.

Orbán also appeared to attribute Hungarian anti-Semitism to the alleged failures of the European Union, which has criticized the Fidesz government on a raft of issues, from a restrictive media law to a controversial new constitution, which Orban on Sunday called Hungary's "first, democratic Constitution," implying that the country had operated with a non-democratic Constitution until Fidsez returned to power three years ago. "The economic crisis is shaking Europe to the core, and the unsuccessful crisis management of European leaders is causing increasingly deep frustration, and consuming people's hope," Orbán said.

Reaction to Orbán was mixed. Peter Feldmajer, the president of the Federation of Jewish Communities in Hungary, told SPIEGEL ONLINE that the prime minister delivered a "very open speech" that was intended "not for Jobbik" but the average Hungarian. But less than an hour after Orbán finished speaking, the WJC released a statement that, while thanking Orbán for making clear "that anti-Semitism is unacceptable and intolerable," chided him for his failure to "confront the true nature of the problem: the threat posed by the anti-Semites in general and by the extreme-right Jobbik party in particular. We regret that Mr. Orbán did not address any recent anti-Semitic or racist incidents in the country, nor did he provide sufficient reassurance that a clear line has been drawn between his government and the far-right fringe."

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1.
Hungary4change 05/07/2013
To point the finger at racism in other countries is the standard response from Orbán, and his Fidesz allies, in an effort to appear to be "politically correct" in the international community. By focusing on other countries' problems, Orbán deftly, and consistently, avoids dealing with what is happening here on our doorstep. To compare the deaths of children in France, due to Islamic fanatics, bears no relation to the racism within Hungary which is perpetrated by seemingly respectable Hungarian citizens. Here antisemitism, heard on a dialy basis with a routine, "taken for granted" style and with absolutely no consequences, is not just bandied about by neo-Nazis, but by ordinary Hungarian folk, as well as government representatives. These are not Islamist fanatics, but our Hungarian neighbours, our teachers, our hospital administrators, our local Fidesz government officials (Eger, for example), our local shopkeepers, our lawyers, our barristers, and so on, ad infinitum. They are able to do so because whatever the official government rhetoric, the fact is that no action whatsoever is taken to stop it. In fact the people who make remarks - who spit on Jews, who constantly call out "filthy Jew" - are comfortable in the knowledge that they have government approval to do so, since Orbán has declared who "true Hungarians" are and they do not seem to include Hungarian Jews, nor gypsies, so it is a green light for intolerance and xenophobia. Orbán himself has wished his colleagues a "Jew-free goodnight", while he was a guest of Soros in New York. A former Israeli ambassador to Hungary was told to "get out you filthy Jew", by one of Orbán's top political colleagues. So any assertion by Orbán about how his government "strongly condemns antisemitism" is complete nonsense, since his own goevernment, and he himslef are perpetrators of it. As for his Christian family values? It is a shame that doctors have to be silent about women who turn to them for treatment resulting from brutal physical abuse, which Orbán's gentle wife of many years, has been the victim of. Former Italian PM Berlusconi's sexual escapades have been scrutinised ad infinitum in the press, but in Hungary a reporter would not just lose his job, but also his licence if he were to expose the hypocrisy of a man who speechifies about family values while beating his wife. Or perhaps this is what Orbán considers to be correct family values? Orbán has created two Hungaries - Magyarország, and Orbánország - with two completely different sets of values. Those of us who care about Hungary appeal to the outside world to help us regain some sense of democratic values and principles, by ousting our racist, corrupt and lying government. Please help us.
2. Missing the Point or can't see the forest from the tree
andre79799 05/09/2013
Zsolt Bayer’s “racist” column was as a reaction to a brutal coldblooded double burglary and murder by two unemployed young roma who broke into a house where 2 old Hungarians lived. The victims were brothers, each one hard on hearing, without hearing aids that probably they could not afford. The first night the thieves took only a few old valueless worn-out household items, the pensioners were living in deep poverty. During the summer they collected mushrooms in the surrounding forests, meager pensions were their only source of income. Seeing how easy the breaking in was and unsatisfied how little loot they took the first night, the 2 roma mustered enough courage to return the following night armed with steel pipes. They mercilessly beat the 2 helpless old guys to pulp who evidently could not muster any resistance, then proceeded to rob them. One of the Hungarians died on the spot in pools of blood, the other ended up in the hospital. The thieves found and took 700 forint cash, about 2.37 Euro, the saved up wealth between pension pay of the 2 helpless Hungarian prey. This incident not is a new isolated case by itself. It became common practice in Hungary by the roma to hunt down, beat and rob old Hungarians. The roma as some sort of fun even coined a cleaver phrase for this dastardly activity. Translated into English it is something like “old-folksing”.
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