The World from Berlin: 'The Roma Are a European Problem'

French President Nicolas Sarkozy hasn't made many friends within the European Union leadership with his aggressive defense of his country's Roma deportations. But German commentators argue he has done everyone a favor by putting the issue at the top of the agenda.

A Roma woman arrives in the Romanian capital Bucharest after being deported from France. Zoom
AP

A Roma woman arrives in the Romanian capital Bucharest after being deported from France.

French President Nicolas Sarkozy may have got more than he bargained for when he decided to crack down on illegal Roma settlements in France.

The wave of deportations of Roma to countries such as Romania and Bulgaria seemed intended as a political ploy to boost Sarkozy's sagging poll numbers and distract attentions from other domestic problems. But now the internal issue has ballooned into a Europe-wide scandal, after European Justice Commissioner Viviane Reding strongly criticized France's policy earlier this week, indirectly comparing the deportations to the Nazi-era persecution of the Roma and Sinti. Sarkozy responded by launching his own counteroffensive and suggested that Reding let the Roma settle in her home country of Luxembourg if she didn't approve of the French policy.

Sarkozy is unlikely to have done himself any favors with his appearance at the EU summit in Brussels on Thursday, where instead of seeking to deescalate the conflict, he engaged in an open war-of-words with European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso. He also managed to alienate his usual ally German Chancellor Angela Merkel by announcing that Germany was also planning to clear illegal Roma settlements -- a claim that Berlin swiftly denied.

On Friday, commentators in Germany's main newspapers take a look at the mess Sarkozy has gotten himself into. The general consensus is that Sarkozy's disregard for diplomatic niceties has done the EU a favor by forcing it to take a long hard look at the Roma issue.

The center-left Süddeutsche Zeitung writes:

"The integration of the Roma is a European problem. Many counties clear illegal camps just like France does and try to force the Roma, where possible, to return to their home countries such as Romania. But many Roma seem to suffer so much there that they are prepared to quickly return to bleak shantytowns on the edge of Western European cities."

"Sarkozy's government is correct when it calls on countries such as Romania to do more for their Roma …. It is also hard to condemn Sarkozy for acting against illegal settlements in France. Nevertheless, the president, who is weak politically within France, is totally on the wrong track. For populist reasons, Sarkozy and his government are trying to portray the presence of 15,000 foreign Roma as one of France's biggest problems -- an absurd idea. They deliberately staged the camp clearances and the deportations as a media event in a bid to impress right-wing voters. Their rhetoric and actions gave rise to suspicions that they were targeting an entire ethnic group rather than individual offenders."

"The European Commission needs to confront the French government if it is abusing the Roma as scapegoats. It should not, however, demonize Sarkozy -- that would only make him feel more powerful. Europe must not allow itself to be sidetracked by hateful strife and national sensitivities."

The center-right Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung writes:

"Sarkozy is not the first French president who has gotten himself into a showdown with the European Commission. … Nevertheless, the current spat seems to have been unintended. That is demonstrated by the fact that Sarkozy is searching for allies late in the game -- and that he has found one in the shape of Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, of all people."

"The president had not planned in advance to make his deportation offensive into the subject of a heated European debate. The forced evictions of illegal Roma camps were intended to rehabilitate Sarkozy in his role as the passionate defender of law and order, for the benefit of his domestic political audience. Ever since his party experienced a bitter defeat in regional elections in March, Sarkozy has once again been trying to court right-wing voters."

The conservative Die Welt writes:

"Sarkozy has the chutzpah to have evictions carried out in the glare of the cameras. But in other EU countries, it has likewise become commonplace to expel Roma if they break the law. These cases involve isolated incidents and not whole groups, something that always bears a whiff of racism. Those being deported often say that they will return. It is not intended as a threat, but it sounds like one."

"The EU is trying to promote the integration of the Roma. Its efforts are succeeding, except not as quickly, smoothly or politically correctly as the politicians would like. After all, if members of a culture like the Roma's accept or even internalize Western cultural values, they are hardly able to keep their unique identity. The Roma are therefore their own worse enemy, in a sense. They also represent a microcosm of the problems that Europe has with all those immigrants who came, or will come, in the mistaken belief that they do not need to change themselves."

The Financial Times Deutschland writes:

"With his outbursts at the EU summit, Sarkozy actually did everyone a favor. If he had behaved more diplomatically, the issue of Roma in the EU would probably have disappeared amid polite smiles on all sides and would not have tarnished the mood among the leaders. His attacks have now made it impossible to brush the issue under the carpet. Europe's leadership must therefore now decide how it wants to deal with two problems. How should the EU deal with a populist who disregards European law? And what will happen to the Roma?"

"The conflict between the Commission and France thus goes beyond the mood at summits. It's really about making sure that commonly agreed values and rights are actually applied in all countries and for the benefit of all citizens. After all, Roma are also being deported in Denmark, Italy and Sweden. The EU therefore has a right to intervene on the issue, and the duty to insist on respect for human rights and EU treaties. The other European leaders should support the Commission in its efforts."

The left-leaning Berliner Zeitung writes:

"The dispute between Commissioner Reding and the French president has a good side: It meant that the EU summit was forced to deal with the issue. Although it is not very probable, there is a tiny flame of hope that the European Union could manage to find a common line. If that were to happen, it would mean that Roma would no longer be the political football of European leaders eager to impress voters."

"Contrary to popular belief, the Roma are not 'traveling people.' It is estimated that 95 percent of Roma in the world are sedentary. … It is ridiculous that, in an increasingly interconnected Europe, it is national governments that decide for themselves who is and who isn't a good European. Border controls have been abolished across large swaths of Europe. There is free movement of capital and labor. There must therefore also be free movement of people, even if they are unemployed."

-- David Gordon Smith

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Commissioner Viviane Reding's Criticism of France
The European Union's justice commissioner, Viviane Reding, massively criticized the French government over its policy of deporting Roma. Here are the key points of Reding's Sept. 14 speech:

"Over the past weeks, the European Commission has been following very closely the developments in France regarding the Roma. I personally have been appalled by a situation which gave the impression that people are being removed from a member state of the European Union just because they belong to a certain ethnic minority. This is a situation I had thought Europe would not have to witness again after the Second World War."

"I can only express my deepest regrets that the political assurances given by two French ministers officially mandated to discuss this matter with the European Commission are now openly contradicted by an administrative circular issued by the same government."

"This is not a minor offence in a situation of this importance. After 11 years of experience in the Commission, I would even go further: This is a disgrace."

Let me be very clear: Discrimination on the basis of ethnic origin or race has no place in Europe. It is incompatible with the values on which the European Union is founded. National authorities who discriminate ethnic groups in the application of EU law are also violating the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights, which all member states, including France, have signed up to.

"I therefore find it deeply disturbing that a member state calls so gravely into question, by the actions of its administration, the common values and the law of our European Union."

"I am personally convinced that the Commission will have no choice but to initiate infringement action against France: infringement proceedings against France for a discriminatory application of the Free Movement Directive, and infringement proceedings against France for lack of transposition of the procedural and substantive guarantees under the Free Movement Directive."

"I will of course give the French authorities the right to submit comments on the new developments in the course of the next days. But I make it very clear my patience is wearing thin: Enough is enough."

"No member state can expect special treatment, especially not when fundamental values and European laws are at stake. This applies today to France. This applies equally to all other member states, big or small, which would be in a similar situation. You can count on me for that."



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