Girl Missing in Natural Disaster: Erosion Hits Famous German Coastal Cliffs
A 10-year-old girl is missing following a landslide at the famous chalk cliffs on the German island of Rügen, a popular destination for tourists. Local officials are blaming the recent increase in cliff falls on erosion caused by fluctuating weather conditions and rising sea levels.
Forever immortalized in canvas by painter Caspar David Friedrich, the chalk cliffs on the German island of Rügen have been a major tourist draw for two centuries. In recent years, however, the cliffs have suffered from major erosion. Now, following a landslide that took down part of a cliff near the Kap Arkona cape on Monday afternoon, a 10-year-old girl is missing.
The family had been walking along the beach below the the 35-meter-high cliffs (115 feet) on Monday afternoon when the landslide happened. At the time, near gale-force winds had been reported in the area.
Rising Sea Levels, Weather Fluctuations
In recent years, several large chunks of the famous cliffs have been destroyed by landslides, including the cliff landscape painted by Friedrich, leading to the frequent closure of the popular beach below. The most recent and largest fall to date happened in August. At the time, German geologist Ingolf Stodian of the Jasmund National Park, which is responsible for the Rügen chalk cliffs, told German news agency dapd that he believed sharp fluctuations in the weather in recent years, with long dry periods and then long periods of extreme rain, had made the cliffs unstable.
However, experts also believe that a rise in the sea level could be worsening the erosion. During the past 200 years, the sea level in the Baltic Sea has risen by 28 centimeters (11 inches). This has caused the foot of the slope, which helps to support the cliffs, to diminish in size over the decades.
dsl -- with wires
© SPIEGEL ONLINE 2011
All Rights Reserved
Reproduction only allowed with the permission of SPIEGELnet GmbH