Operation Alberich How the CIA Helped Germany Foil Terror Plot
With the help of the CIA, German investigators foiled what would likely have been the most devastating terror attack of its kind in the country's history. The plans of a fanatical group of Islamists trained in Pakistan reveal just how great a risk Europe faces.
Daniel S. is one of the three terror suspects arrested last week. *
Bush, who was well briefed about the plot, even knew the names of the suspects. He made it clear to Merkel that he was taking the matter very seriously. Her officials at the Chancellery were all too familiar with what the US president was talking about. "Operation Alberich," as the intelligence agencies called the case, had top priority.
For months the operation was discussed almost every Tuesday at a weekly meeting conducted by Merkel's chief of staff, Thomas de Maizière. What began with vague information soon turned into the biggest police operation since the so-called "German Autumn" of 1977 -- a political thriller rarely seen in postwar Germany.
When they searched the house, German investigators found military detonators from Syria that a courier had smuggled into Germany, as well as 60 liters of hydrogen peroxide. The materials were apparently intended for use in three car bombs that the group may have planned to detonate in front of a US military base in Germany, a nightclub or possibly a major airport. When troops from the GSG 9 elite commando unit stormed the house last Tuesday, the pungent stench of chemicals was already in the air. According to investigators, what the men were planning could have been one of the bloodiest attacks in European postwar history -- worse than London or Madrid. In addition to the three terror suspects, German authorities are investigating more than 45 people.
Since the conversation with Bush during the G-8 summit, the Chancellor knew that the diabolic plot not only threatened people's lives, but that if US soldiers were killed in Germany, it would endanger the trans-Atlantic relations that were so important to her. America feared a new spectacular attack from a resurgent al-Qaida -- possibly even a second Sept. 11. Another attack against America planned on German soil had to be prevented.
These experiences and fears explain why Operation Alberich was conducted from both Berlin and Washington, with a joint CIA and German task force set up in Berlin. US Secretary of Homeland Security Michael Chertoff told SPIEGEL last week that cooperation between the two countries was "the closest it's ever been."
But from the US perspective the German investigation was also a trial by fire. American authorities kept ramping up the pressure on the Germans, with both CIA Director Michael V. Hayden and US Ambassador William R. Timken meeting with authorities in Berlin. In early June Chertoff traveled to German Interior Minister Wolfgang Schäuble's hometown of Gengenbach and over dinner urged him to do everything he could to prevent a possible attack. "We care," Schäuble assured him.
Schäuble was deadly serious. The Chancellery promptly convened its so-called security situation meeting, a group that hadn't met at the same level since Sept. 11, 2001, to discuss what Schäuble called the "new, elevated threat level." Germany's interior minister decided to take a highly unusual step. In late June August Hanning, Deputy Secretary at the Interior Ministry, announced to the public that he feared Germany could be in a situation "like that before the attacks of Sept. 11," and that connections between German extremists and Pakistan suggested that the risk of an attack in Germany was now greater than ever before. Pakistan is now seen as the new epicenter of terror, a place where terrorist organization al-Qaida is actively training recruits like Gelowicz.