Sealing the Deal: German Parties Agree on New Coalition
Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives have finally reached a deal with their coalition partners the pro-business FDP. After marathon talks the parties agreed to impose major tax cuts and say they will work toward economic growth.
FDP leader Guido Westerwelle (l), Chancellor Angela Merkel (c) and the CSU leader Horst Seehofer announce the new coalition deal.
Germany finally has a new government almost a month after Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives and the pro-business Free Democrats won a convincing election victory between them and embarked on sometimes fraught coalition negotiations.
Merkel's Christian Democrats (CDU) and their Bavarian sister party, the Christian Social Union (CSU) sealed the deal with the FDP in the early hours of Saturday morning after three weeks of tough bargaining. The agreement now paves the way for the new government to take office in Berlin next week.
One of the sticking points had been the extent to which tax cuts could be imposed despite a swelling budget deficit. While FDP leader Guido Westerwelle did not manage to secure the 35 billion ($52 billion) of tax relief his party had sought, the agreed 24 billion was still greater than Merkel had initially wanted.
After announcing the deal on Saturday morning, Merkel said that she was happy with the agreement and said the negotiations "were not always easy." She said that both parties in the new government were committed to growth and that they would "bravely solve the problems that lie ahead of us." At the joint news conference Westerwelle, who is expected to be named foreign minister, said the coalition agreement was a "great foundation for our country."
The make up of the new cabinet also emerged on Saturday. As expected the current Interior Minister Wolfgang Schäuble is to take the key position of finance minister, a difficult task as the new government attempts to balance tax cuts with a growing deficit. Before the election he had indirectly criticized his party's plans to introduce tax cuts, saying there was little room for them given the country's strained finances. Schaüble has earned a reputation as a hardliner on domestic security issues and is not likely to shirk from confrontation with his cabinet colleagues in his new role.
Another star in the former cabinet, Ursula von der Leyen, is to stay on in the Family Ministry, although she had been tipped to take on the health portfolio. Instead that post is to go to the 36-year-old Philip Rösler of the FDP, who was born in Vietnam and will be Germany's first Asian-born cabinet mister.
The new deputy chancellor and foreign minister, Westerwelle, reiterated his position that he wanted to see all nuclear weapons to be pulled out of Germany. During the Cold War the United States based nuclear weapons on German soil as part of the NATO deterrent against the Warsaw Pact forces. Since the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 it has removed 95 percent of those weapons. At the press conference on Saturday, Chancellor Merkel, who likes to maintain a strong presence on the world stage, said any withdrawal of the remaining the weapons would only be carried out "after talks with our partners."
Stay informed with our free news services:
© SPIEGEL ONLINE 2009
All Rights Reserved
Reproduction only allowed with the permission of SPIEGELnet GmbH
MORE FROM SPIEGEL INTERNATIONAL
German PoliticsMerkel's Moves: Power Struggles in Berlin
World War IITruth and Reconciliation: Why the War Still Haunts Europe
EnergyGreen Power: The Future of Energy
European UnionUnited Europe: A Continental Project
Climate ChangeGlobal Warming: Curbing Carbon Before It's Too Late