Steroids in the Provinces: Demise of a Legendary Doping Empire
For years, the underground firm International Pharmaceuticals supplied athletes around the world with the latest performance-enhancing drugs, helping it attain cult status in the doping scene and make millions. Now investigators have raided the firm's headquarters in a German village. Its customers apparently included a number of top athletes whose identities could now be revealed.
The day senior customs inspector Peter S. would make the discovery of his life began with a "trip to the enemy." That's how officials at the Kaiserslautern Customs Investigation Unit describe the drive to a raid.
The men had been chasing a phantom for years, but this time they were sure that they were on the right track.
At about 1:00 p.m. the investigators, accompanied by officers with the Central Customs Support Group, reached Nidda-Wallernhausen, a village with a population of 1,100 in the German state of Hesse, about 30 kilometers (19 miles) southeast of the city of Giessen. Their navigation system directed the unit to a street called Fussgasse. The men got out of their vehicles in front of a white warehouse with a long roof. They were dressed in plain clothes to avoid attracting attention.
It took the special unit a while to open the door to the warehouse, but when the officers finally entered the building they could hardly believe their eyes. It was filled with stacks of brown cardboard boxes, as well as yellow and white garbage bags, all filled with tablets, capsules and ampules. The warehouse contained a cache of illegal anabolic steroids, small bottles containing the calf-fattening drug clenbuterol and cartons imprinted with product names like "Extreme Power Tabs" and "Special Product No. 25222."
The abbreviation IP also appeared on many of the cartons. The letters stand for International Pharmaceuticals -- the phantom firm the investigators were chasing.
Huge Drug Bust
Nidda-Wallernhausen, which until now has been best known for its puppet theater at the Uhrnstubb Inn and for fresh organic eggs, will now go down in the history of customs investigations. During the raid on Sept. 29, 2010, the agents seized illegal drugs worth about 10 million ($13.6 million). Some 19 pallets were needed to transport the 5 million pills, capsules and ampules away from the site.
It is one of the biggest drug busts in Europe to date, and an important blow against the international trade in performance-enhancing drugs. The case could soon attract the attention of officials in the world of professional sports, because IP's customers apparently included a number of top athletes.
International Pharmaceuticals is legendary in the world of bodybuilders, who have long been known for their use of performance-enhancing drugs. The underground laboratory sold its products on the black market for about 20 years. IP was considered the top-of-the-line brand, always providing the latest and hottest drugs. In their Internet forums, customers around the world raved about IP's high-dose steroid blends, which were said to give athletes "extra drive."
IP was an icon -- and a black box. No one knew where the warehouse and the laboratory were located. And no one knew who was behind International Pharmaceuticals.
Now the secret is out. The underground empire had its headquarters in provincial Germany. One of the owners, a German named Lothar H., is a former salesman for a line of natural cosmetics. His Austrian business partner Paul R. is a former police officer who was dishonorably discharged from the police force.
Nine years ago, the United States was rocked by a doping scandal surrounding BALCO, a California laboratory. In 2006, authorities in Europe uncovered the network headed by Spanish blood doping expert Eufemiano Fuentes , whose clients included the former Tour de France winner Jan Ullrich. Now the next scandal is about to hit the sports world, this time in Germany.
IP was a global brand. The drugs were produced with cheap labor in India, packaged and shipped via airfreight to Denmark and England. From there, the products were sent via parcel service to the warehouse in Nidda-Wallernhausen.
The investigators believe that the drugs were sold in fast-food restaurants, hotels in Frankfurt and the surrounding area, and on the Internet. The buyers were from Germany, other parts of Europe and the United States. The product line ranged from Winstrol, an inexpensive anabolic steroid sold for 2.75 an ampule, to Special Product, a designer performance-enhancing drug priced at 950 for a 10-milliliter vial. With a profit margin of about 400 percent, the dealers were raking in millions. By comparison, profit margins in the drug trade are rarely higher than 80 percent.
Lothar H. founded IP in the 1980s, with Paul R. joining the business later on. IP expanded, and R. allegedly became involved in the production of the doping agents. At the same time, he was developing a remarkable marketing tool.
'The Black Book'
Seven years ago, a tome called "Anabolic Steroids -- The Black Book" appeared on the market, causing a sensation among users of performance-enhancing drug and the authorities alike. It was essentially a reference manual for dopers, and some 60,000 copies were sold. The current version of the 1,057-page manual, illustrated with color photos, offers detailed descriptions of which drugs provide the best results, how to outsmart drug tests and, of course, where to buy the drugs. An entire subchapter is devoted to International Pharmaceuticals.
The author of the book went by the pseudonym D. Sinner. There was a great deal of speculation over who could be behind the name.
Now that mystery has also been solved. Paul R., one of the IP partners, allegedly confessed to Austrian investigators that he authored the work, with the help of experts -- doctors and chemists. It was a brilliant business model. In addition to producing and selling the performance-enhancing drugs, International Pharmaceuticals was providing the instructions for their use.
- Part 1: Demise of a Legendary Doping Empire
- Part 2: Doing Business with Astonishing Chutzpah
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