AP

America's War

The 2003 US-led invasion of Iraq never found the weapons of mass destruction that dictator Saddam Hussein was said to have. After quelling a bloody civil war during its occupation, the last US combat troops left Iraq to its fledgling government in August 2010.

Opinion: Ten Lost Years

Opinion: Ten Lost Years

SPIEGEL ONLINE - September 09, 2011

Ten years have passed since Sept. 11, 2001, and today only losers remain. Islam has been taken hostage by blinded ideologues. The West has betrayed its values in its struggle against terror, and we are now burdened with Islamophobes. Without 9/11, the crimes of Anders Behring Breivik and the rise of right-wing populists in Europe would be inconceivable. By Jakob Augstein more... Comment ]

Interview with Donald Rumsfeld: 'Do I Have any Regrets? Of Course I Do'

Interview with Donald Rumsfeld: 'Do I Have any Regrets? Of Course I Do'

SPIEGEL ONLINE - April 04, 2011

In a SPIEGEL interview, former US Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, 78, discusses the unclear goals for the international deployment in Libya, "terribly damaging" crimes committed by the US Army "kill team" in Afghanistan, inevitable comparisons to Abu Ghraib and the mistakes he made in the Bush administration. more... Comment ]

'I Am Not Convinced': Joschka Fischer on Germany's 'No' to the Iraq War

'I Am Not Convinced': Joschka Fischer on Germany's 'No' to the Iraq War

SPIEGEL ONLINE - February 17, 2011

In the second installment of his memoirs, former German Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer describes his misgivings over Gerhard Schröder's absolute rejection of an invasion of Iraq, his fears that France might not oppose the move and how developments in the run-up to the war badly damaged his relationship with the chancellor. more... Comment ]

Life after the Americans: Uncertainty Reigns as Baghdad Enters New Era

Life after the Americans: Uncertainty Reigns as Baghdad Enters New Era

SPIEGEL ONLINE - January 07, 2011

Iraq finally has a new government after months of deadlock, but the cynical horsetrading has damaged the image of politics. Residents of Baghdad no longer trust their fellow citizens and have withdrawn into private life. They pray that a civil war will not break out. By Alexander Smoltczyk in Baghdad more... Comment ]

At Sea in the Desert: US Diplomats Bewildered and Bamboozled in Baghdad

At Sea in the Desert: US Diplomats Bewildered and Bamboozled in Baghdad

SPIEGEL ONLINE - December 05, 2010

Roughly 5,500 classified cables from the US Embassy in Baghdad paint a grim picture of why America's stunning military victory over Iraq devolved into disaster: The Americans allowed themselves to get entangled in the Sunni-Shiite conflict while being systematically outmaneuvered by the Iranians. By Dieter Bednarz and Bernhard Zand more... Comment ]

Berlin Efforts to Prevent Iraq Invasion: Classified Papers Prove German Warnings to Bush

Berlin Efforts to Prevent Iraq Invasion: Classified Papers Prove German Warnings to Bush

SPIEGEL ONLINE - November 24, 2010

A classified document obtained by SPIEGEL shows notes from a meeting between a top German diplomat and Condoleezza Rice just weeks before the Iraq invasion. It indicates steps by the German government to prevent the war and undermines claims in George W. Bush's memoir that Gerhard Schröder indicated he would support the president should the US go to war. By Klaus Wiegrefe more... Comment ]

Incompatible Interests: The Truth Blurs for Bush and Schröder

Incompatible Interests: The Truth Blurs for Bush and Schröder

SPIEGEL ONLINE - November 14, 2010

George W. Bush has written his selective memoirs, in which he accuses Gerhard Schröder of breaking a promise. In truth, Bush strung along the then-German chancellor with unfounded promises, even as his administration was already preparing for the disastrous Iraq war. By Gerhard Spörl and Klaus Wiegrefe more...

Memoirs Trigger New Row Over Iraq: Bush Made Empty Promises to Schröder

Memoirs Trigger New Row Over Iraq: Bush Made Empty Promises to Schröder

SPIEGEL ONLINE - November 13, 2010

In the run-up to the Iraq war, US President George W. Bush made empty promises to German Chancellor Gerhard Schröder about consulting the international community before taking a decision on military action. In truth, he was already preparing an invasion. more...

The World from Berlin: Iraqi Deal 'Extremely Damaging to Democracy'

The World from Berlin: Iraqi Deal 'Extremely Damaging to Democracy'

SPIEGEL ONLINE - November 12, 2010

It has been eight months since the elections, but on Thursday, Iraqi leaders finally agreed on a power-sharing deal and established a government. But the coalition is shaky at best and German commentators are not optimistic about its staying power. more...

Battle over Memory: Former Schröder Spokesman Questions Bush's Intelligence

Battle over Memory: Former Schröder Spokesman Questions Bush's Intelligence

SPIEGEL ONLINE - November 11, 2010

Already having been branded a liar by former Chancellor Gerhard Schröder, ex-US President George W. Bush's intelligence has now been questioned by Schröder's former spokesman. Uwe-Karsten Heye said on Wednesday that Bush "had no idea about what was going on in the world." more...