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20th Century's Specter

The systematic murder of roughly 6 million Jews, Roma, homosexuals and other minorities by the Nazis was the greatest horror of Europe in the 20th century, the legacy of which is still unfolding throughout Germany and Europe.

Unlikely Nostalgia: Auschwitz Through the Eyes of a Child

Unlikely Nostalgia: Auschwitz Through the Eyes of a Child

SPIEGEL ONLINE - July 19, 2013

He was sent to Auschwitz as a boy, and never forgot the images and dreams that defined this period of his life. Now Jerusalem academic Otto Dov Kulka has written an unusual book about his life in a Nazi concentration camp. By Susanne Beyer more... Comment ]

'Not Too Late': Nazi Hunters Launch Poster Campaign

'Not Too Late': Nazi Hunters Launch Poster Campaign

SPIEGEL ONLINE - July 16, 2013

The Simon Wiesenthal Center will hang posters in major German cities next week as part of its campaign to bring surviving Nazi war criminals to justice almost 70 years after the end of World War II. It is offering rewards of up to €25,000 for information. By David Crossland more... Comment ]

Freeze Frames: Melancholy Paintings Evoke Holocaust Trial

Freeze Frames: Melancholy Paintings Evoke Holocaust Trial

SPIEGEL ONLINE - July 12, 2013

A powerful new permanent exhibition of paintings at Berlin's Jewish Museum evoke a lesser known Nazi trial of the 1970s, as interpreted from TV coverage of the proceedings. Only one of 16 accused guards at the Majdanek concentration camp was handed a tough sentence, drawing widespread public outrage. By Sophie Arts more... Comment ]

Early Calculator: The Sad Story of an Inventor at Buchenwald

Early Calculator: The Sad Story of an Inventor at Buchenwald

SPIEGEL ONLINE - July 03, 2013

A Viennese engineer worked meticulously in a concentration camp on the world's first pocket calculator. After the war, others profited from his invention. By Frank Thadeusz more... Comment ]

Hairdos and Movies: The Carefree Life of a Teen in Wartime Berlin

Hairdos and Movies: The Carefree Life of a Teen in Wartime Berlin

SPIEGEL ONLINE - June 12, 2013

The diary of Brigitte Eicke, a Berlin teenager in World War II, is an account of cinema visits, first kisses, hairdos and dressmaking, along with a brief, untroubled reference to disappearing Jews. Recently published, it highlights the public indifference that paved the road to Auschwitz. By Jane Paulick more... Comment ]

Holocaust Reparations: Germany to Pay 772 Million Euros to Survivors

Holocaust Reparations: Germany to Pay 772 Million Euros to Survivors

SPIEGEL ONLINE - May 29, 2013

The German government has committed to pay nearly 800 million euros for the care of elderly Holocaust survivors as a result of negotiations in Israel between Berlin and a fund for Jewish victims of Nazi aggression. Nearly 60,000 people will benefit from the aid money. more... Comment ]

Holocaust at Sea: The Lone Survivor of the 'Struma'

Holocaust at Sea: The Lone Survivor of the 'Struma'

SPIEGEL ONLINE - May 23, 2013

In 1942, a Soviet submarine in the Black Sea torpedoed and sank the Struma, a ship filled with almost 800 Jewish refugees headed from Romania to the Holy Land. David Stoliar, the lone survivor, agreed to share his story with SPIEGEL ONLINE. By Marc Pitzke in Bend, Oregon more... Comment ]

War Crimes in Italy: German Prosecutors Reject Massacre Case

War Crimes in Italy: German Prosecutors Reject Massacre Case

SPIEGEL ONLINE - May 22, 2013

The massacre at Sant'Anna was one of the most barbarous German crimes committed in Italy during World War II. Five suspected perpetrators are still alive today, but the top public prosecutor in Stuttgart has rejected reopening the case. By Felix Bohr more... Comment ]

Canceled Opera Director: 'I Wasn't Ridiculing Holocaust Victims'

Canceled Opera Director: 'I Wasn't Ridiculing Holocaust Victims'

SPIEGEL ONLINE - May 13, 2013

A recent staging of Richard Wagner's "Tannhäuser" at Düsseldorf's Deutsche Oper am Rhein was withdrawn when protests broke out during and after the premier. The director of the production, Burkhard Kosminski, 51, discusses the controversy and why he decided to set the opera in the Third Reich. more... Comment ]

'Hurried Action': Germany Criticized for Late Push on War Criminals

'Hurried Action': Germany Criticized for Late Push on War Criminals

SPIEGEL ONLINE - May 13, 2013

Last week's arrest of a 93-year-old on suspicion of abetting murder as a guard at Auschwitz is part of a late push by German authorities to bring lower-ranking Nazi helpers to justice. Legal experts say they should have -- and could have -- done so decades ago. more... Comment ]