World War IRSS

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Foreword

SPIEGEL ONLINE - July 03, 2014

Victory in Defeat: How WWI Became Part of Australia's Founding Myth

Victory in Defeat: How WWI Became Part of Australia's Founding Myth

SPIEGEL ONLINE - July 03, 2014

The Australians suffered a devastating defeat on Turkey's Gallipoli peninsula during World War I in 1915. But even a century later, the country's first major military mission abroad is celebrated as a crucial event for the nation's identity. By Hans-Ulrich Stoldt more... Comment ]

A Revolution in Killing: The Technological Innovations of WWI

A Revolution in Killing: The Technological Innovations of WWI

SPIEGEL ONLINE - April 25, 2014

A new era in warfare was born on the battlefields of Flanders in 1915. German troops launched a chlorine gas attack in the first ever large-scale use of chemical weapons. It was but one of the technical innovations seen during World War I, and not all of them were as deadly. By Felix Bohr more... Comment ]

World War I Guilt: Culpability Question Divides Historians Today

World War I Guilt: Culpability Question Divides Historians Today

SPIEGEL ONLINE - February 14, 2014

This year marks the 100th anniversary of the outbreak of World War I and the 75th of the start of World War II. Questions over the degree of German guilt remain contentious among historians, who have been fighting over the issue for years. By Dirk Kurbjuweit more... Comment ]

Sowing Fear: World War I and the Seeds of Hyperinflation

Sowing Fear: World War I and the Seeds of Hyperinflation

SPIEGEL ONLINE - February 07, 2014

The current debt crisis in Europe evokes painful memories of the German hyperinflation. Price increases began with the start of World War I in 1914 and ended in disaster in 1923. The event still influences sentiment about monetary policy in the country today. By Alexander Jung more... Comment ]

The Thirty Years' War: How Peace Kept WWI Alive

The Thirty Years' War: How Peace Kept WWI Alive

SPIEGEL ONLINE - February 07, 2014

On two separate occasions, in 1918 and 1945, the world had to decide what to do with Germany. The second time around, world leaders almost made the same mistakes that failed to keep the Germans down after World War I. By Jan Fleischhauer more... Comment ]

Century of Violence: What World War I Did to the Middle East

Century of Violence: What World War I Did to the Middle East

SPIEGEL ONLINE - January 31, 2014

World War I may have ended in 1918, but the violence it triggered in the Middle East still hasn't come to an end. Arbitrary borders drawn by self-interested imperial powers have left a legacy that the region has not been able to overcome. By Bernhard Zand more... Comment ]

'We Saved the World': WWI and America's Rise as a Superpower

'We Saved the World': WWI and America's Rise as a Superpower

SPIEGEL ONLINE - January 24, 2014

America's rise to superpower status began with its 1917 entry into World War I. President Woodrow Wilson had grand visions for the peace that followed, but failed. The battle he started in the US between idealists and realists continues to this day. By Hans Hoyng more... Comment ]

Great War Centenary: Britain's Careful Commemoration of WWI

Great War Centenary: Britain's Careful Commemoration of WWI

SPIEGEL ONLINE - January 22, 2014

The Great War has long played a significant role in Britain's historical memory. This year, the country is planning several events to commemorate the 100th anniversary and several new books have already hit the shelves. Jingoism, however, is to be avoided. By Christoph Scheuermann more... Comment ]

World War I Centenary: The Symbolic Power of French Victory

World War I Centenary: The Symbolic Power of French Victory

SPIEGEL ONLINE - January 17, 2014

The passionate commemoration of World War I is a vital element of France's contemporary national cohesion. But before a momentous turning point in August 1914, the country looked to be on the brink of defeat. By Romain Leick more... Comment ]