Navigating the Headwinds Europe Has Few Good Options on Iran

Europe spent months trying to convince U.S. President Donald Trump not to abandon the Iran nuclear agreement. Now that he has, the Europeans are left with a handful of options, but none of them are good.

Europe is looking for options on Iran.

Europe is looking for options on Iran.


When Donald Trump appeared before the White House press corps on Tuesday morning local time, diplomats in Berlin had already long given up hope. They may not have received many details from Washington in the past few days about the impending decision. Yet Trump's decision to turn his back on the Iran deal was already certain. The only surprise was his extremely aggressive tone.

The European rescue missions, the last-minute trips by French President Emmanuel Macron and Chancellor Angela Merkel, the warnings and appeals, were to no avail. For weeks EU emissaries had tried to negotiate in Washington, offering new supplementary agreements to the Iran deal designed to placate Trump. But nothing worked.

Despite the frustration, the only thing left to the Europeans was to look ahead. And on Tuesday, in anticipation of Trump's announcement, Berlin, Paris and London spent the day crafting a joint statement. Their hope is to keep the deal with Iran alive even with the exit of the United States - but now as a deal between the other UN Security Council powers of Great Britain, France, China and Russia in addition to the European Union.

The statement is combative: "Our governments remain committed to ensuring the agreement is upheld, and will work with all the remaining parties to the deal to ensure this remains the case." The United States is directly urged not to take any measures in opposition to the countries that want to retain the deal.

The positions couldn't be further apart. Trump announced that the U.S. would immediately impose tougher sanctions. The so-called E3, made up of Great Britain, France and Germany, reassured Tehran of "the continuing economic benefits to the Iranian people" if the country kept to the agreement and allowed international observation to continue.

Further Into Chaos

The Europeans' plan is driven by fear of escalation in the Middle East: Iran could immediately ramp up its nuclear program if the deal collapsed, leading to the nightmare scenario of a military intervention by Israel. The Middle East would then certainly descend even further into chaos.

Europe's emergency solution is based on the idea of appeasing Iran, at least for a while, in order to prevent it from doing anything ill-advised. Europe, of course, can't prevent the U.S. from ramping up economic sanctions against Iran, but Germany, France and Great Britain don't have to follow Trump's line.

Brussels hopes that Europe's refusal to reactivate sanctions against Iran will be seen in Tehran as a signal of goodwill. If European companies continue to trade with Tehran, the economic consequences of the U.S. exit from the deal would then be less harsh than some fear.

Some diplomats are considering further steps. There is talk of offering financial protections to EU companies doing business in Iran to protect them from U.S. sanctions. Last week, some EU states discussed this in Rome, though large multinationals with subsidiaries in the United States are hardly going to be lured by such reassurances.

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No one can promise that these emergency measures will work. Economic experts are certain that the re-imposition of U.S. sanctions will mean a radical reversal of Iran's modest recovery. Large deals, such the modernization of the country's dilapidated aircraft fleet, will likely collapse. Smaller deals can't make up for such losses.

Severe Headwinds

Furthermore, Trump has made it clear that he won't allow U.S. partners to do their own thing when it comes to Iran. Shortly after the White House speech, the new U.S. ambassador to Germany, Richard Grenell, tweeted: "German companies doing business in Iran should wind down operations immediately."

It's difficult to say how long the EU has. Hardliners in Iran have long been critical of President Hassan Rouhani for signing the deal with the U.S. and now that pressure will only grow. Now that Iran has to deal with a new sanctions regime, and now that Rouhani looks like the deal's loser, the headwinds are likely to become severe.

Rouhani is doing his best to project calm. "We now have a deal with five states instead of six," he said following Trump's speech. He would now speak with the Europeans, he said. He made it clear, however, that Iran could revive its nuclear enrichment program if push comes to shove.


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John China 05/11/2018
Appeasement polices does not work with Iran. "Go Donald" If EU dos not join in with sanctions with US, then kick them out of NATO. Putin will love it. He whats a bigger Russia.
mike.davis1959 05/12/2018
2. Europe has few good options
“The Europeans' plan is driven by fear of escalation in the Middle East: Iran could immediately ramp up its nuclear program if the deal collapsed, leading to the nightmare scenario of a military intervention by Israel. The Middle East would then certainly descend even further into chaos.” What this statement overlooks is the very real possibility that Iran will someday, as is its stated intention, wipe Israel from the face of the earth. Defending against this possibility is made immeasurably more difficult if Iran acquires the bomb. Unfortunately, this agreement would allow Iran to do just that. Israeli intelligence has just uncovered proof that Iran has been lying about its intentions all along and yet the Europeans treat Americans and Trump as though we were the bad actors here. At least the article recognizes and uses the term appeasement, because that is exactly what the Europeans are engaging in right now.
joseph_ptak 05/12/2018
3. Screw Germany...they Are Siding With Iran!
Americans do not need these sniveling German cowards who are afraid of Iranians and who are willing to let them build nuclear weapons in the future, while in the meantime sponsor terror throughout the Middle East. They fancy themselves as world leaders...they are anything but that. Germany's Angela Merkel is not someone Americans can trust and President Trump knows this. Iranians will have plenty of incentive to eventually negotiate with President Trump...they know he has time on his side. The reason being, the Iranian people will not be patient anymore waiting to see the quality of their lives finally improve. They thought the Obama/Iran Nuclear Agreement would do that for did not. They were lied to by their leaders. Iran's Theocratic Dictatorship is the root cause of their suffering...which is further complicated by Iran's military adventurism and support of terrorist organizations. Those in power in Iran can chant 'Death to America' all they want...doing so will not help to improve the lives of the Iranian people one bit. President Trump will now sit back, apply the pressure, and wait for someone in Iran to decide to negotiate. In the meantime...their soldiers and their Hezbollah allies are getting pummeled by Israeli military forces in Syria. Problems everywhere for Iran. Iran has overextended themselves in costly military adventures with no means financially, militarily, or political means to succeed. Watch for the 'real resistance' to explode in Iran this summer. It is time for President Trump to start imposing harsh trade tariffs on German products. On top of that, Germans need to start carrying their own weight for their own security. The minute Germany's economy begins to sputter, and unemployment rises...the invasion of foreigners will become a central issue in German politics. The face of real Germans will then reappear. German's need to tread lightly when they start to think they can intimidate and push President Trump around...they have no idea how deep-rooted his support is with American patriots. If they do...they will reap the rewards of what real 'resistance' means.
neicer828 05/13/2018
4. Europes Option on the Trade Deal
Americans are now paying attention better than ever as what our "politicians" in Washington are up to. We NOW have a man in D.C. that is NOT a career politician but a businessman. He is FOR America. We like this CHANGE in attitude. If Europe has no "good" options because we left the Trade Deal, then it was a pretty bad deal for the U.S. Europe should not need America so badly that it cannot negotiate for it's own good. Stand on your own two feet. We are NOT able to hold the world together any longer. We have problems we need to settle here at home. Donald Trump is looking out for Americans and we think it is about time.
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