Islamist Influx: Several Radicalized Ex-German Soldiers in Iraq
Germany on Sunday presented the list of weapons it plans to send to the Kurds in northern Iraq. Some of them, though, may end up being used against former German soldiers. SPIEGEL has learned that 20 ex-Bundeswehr troops have joined jihadists in the region.
The German government over the weekend reached a decision on the weapons it plans to ship to the Kurds in northern Iraq to help them combat the advancing militants from the Islamic State (IS). But SPIEGEL has learned that it won't be easy to find a legal path to actually deliver those weapons. Furthermore, some of them may end up being used against former German soldiers.
MAD, the German military's intelligence service, sees Islamism as a growing problem within Germany's military. Just recently, a former Bundeswehr sergeant, who had previously been decommissioned because of his Islamist leanings, was prevented from traveling to the crisis region.
Over the weekend, Hans-Georg Maassen, head of the Office of the Protection of the Constitution (BfV), Germany's domestic intelligence agency, voiced concerns that the flow of Islamists from Germany to Syria and Iraq will continue. He said that some younger radicalized Muslims are attracted to IS in particular because of the group's brutality. "The Islamic State is, so to speak, the 'in' thing within the scene," Maassen said. It is "much more attractive than Jabhat al-Nusrah, the al-Qaida offshoot in Syria. What attracts people is its high degree of brutality, the radicalism and the rigor."
Germany Worried about a Kurdish State
Ultimately, IS' brutality led Germany to depart from its decades-old policy of not sending weapons into war zones. After reaching an agreement on sending weapons in mid-August, the German government over the weekend announced what weapons it intends to send. The list included 16,000 assault rifles, 40 machine guns and 240 anti-tank weapons along with 500 anti-tank rockets. Some 10,000 hand grenades and 8,000 pistols are to be sent.
How exactly the arms will get to the Kurds remains unclear. According to German laws governing the export of weapons, any such deal must be approved by the German economics minister who, in turn, needs written assent from the government of the receiving country. But the new government in Baghdad has not yet taken office. Sources have told SPIEGEL that officials in Berlin are currently trying to find a workaround.
Steinmeier reiterated his concerns about the founding of a Kurdish state saying that he is worried "that an independent Kurdistan would result in additional Iraqi regions splitting off, for example in the south and surrounding Basra." The result, he continued, would be "new fights over new borders and state territories." That would "result in entire regions becoming ungovernable."
Still, the German foreign minister said, the advance of the Islamists "isn't just a human tragedy of unimaginable proportions but also an existential threat for the region of northern Iraq and for the weak Iraqi state as a whole."
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