Sheik Chic: Dubai's New Metro Is Fit for a King, But Will Locals Ride It?
It is the longest automated metro system in the world, complete with luxury compartments, Wi-Fi and air conditioning. But will Dubai succeed in luring sheiks out of their cars in an emirate where gasoline only costs 25 cents a liter?
Recently a lot of the news coming out of Dubai has been grim. The high flying Arab Emirate seemed to be diving head-first into the recession at the same pace at which it had ascended into the business firmament. Grand plans were put on ice, the owners of a real estate agencies were suddenly unemployed and managers from around the world planned their escape from the region, leaving luxury cars, only half paid for, in the airport parking lot.
The display of Arabian prowess will go on, too. In November neighboring emirate Abu Dhabi will open a Formula One racetrack and in February the America's Cup, one of the oldest and most prestigious yacht races in the world, will be held off the coast of another emirate, Ras Al Khaimah.
"We will have to see if investors get carried away with this second wave, in the same way that they did the first," Solleder says.
But first up is Dubai's new metro. The Red Line runs for 52 kilometers, it has 29 stations and separate compartments for first class passengers and for women. It also has wireless Internet service on every train. But most significantly, it only took 30,000 workers four years to finish the world's "longest fully-automated, driverless metro system." That's not bad if you compare it to the German capital's most recent underground stationopening, the so-called Chancellor's Line in Berlin. It has three stations, is 1.8 kilometers long and it took 13 years to build, albeit with breaks in the construction work.
Of course not everything went completely smoothly in Dubai, a city that generally doesn't let planning permission or environmental issues get in the way of progress. Coming in at 5.25 billion ($7.64 billion), the costs were almost double the original estimates. For the time being, only 10 stations have been opened.
A Monument to Delusions of Grandeur
Halfway along the route between the city center and the Jebel Ali container port stands a monument to delusions of grandeur that does not bode well for the future of the metro line: The Palm Jumeirah Monorail, which whisks passengers to the man-made island resort of the same name.
The monorail also impresses passengers with its air-conditioned stations and fantastic views. It's just that nobody rides it. The planners forgot to connect it to the rest of the public transport system. They also underestimated -- or, perhaps, didn't dare contemplate -- how rapidly the recession would reduce construction work on the artificial island. This, of course, may serve as a minor consolation for the Europeans -- is there a point to civic planning procedures after all?
The answer to the first question involves huge, air-conditioned pedestrian bridges in an elegant shell pattern that only delicately disrupts the tops of the train stations as well as a flotilla of transit buses, including several hundred made in Germany. Because cab fares in Dubai are still relatively low, though, it is most likely that a lot of passengers will choose to head to the train station in a taxi at first.
The second question -- to do with the price of petrol -- is a more difficult one to answer. Dubai is almost as obsessed with cars as Los Angeles is. Only six percent of Dubai's inhabitants use public transport. The Dubai Metro is going to change that, the city fathers say. By next summer, when the second subway line will open, they expect passengers to make 200 million trips a year.
Stay informed with our free news services:
© SPIEGEL ONLINE 2009
All Rights Reserved
Reproduction only allowed with the permission of SPIEGELnet GmbH
MORE FROM SPIEGEL INTERNATIONAL
German PoliticsMerkel's Moves: Power Struggles in Berlin
World War IITruth and Reconciliation: Why the War Still Haunts Europe
EnergyGreen Power: The Future of Energy
European UnionUnited Europe: A Continental Project
Climate ChangeGlobal Warming: Curbing Carbon Before It's Too Late