By Christoph Twickel in Hamburg
The protesters have arranged to meet in Fritz Bauch, a pub popular with the left-wing scene in the Schanzenviertel, a trendy and slightly bohemian district of Hamburg. "This time it's a very small apartment, but a very expensive one," announces organizer Jonas, 31, addressing the group.
Then he explains the procedure: A small advance guard is to conduct reconnaissance at the nearby apartment viewing. If the coast is clear, the others will follow them. Once the music is playing, everyone should put on their masks and wigs. And then the "Fette Mieten Party," or "Fat Rent Party," can get started.
The days when apartment-hunters in Germany would wait patiently in line to view flats appear to be over. Today, real estate agents have to be prepared for unwanted visitors amid a wave of protests against gentrification in Germany's major cities. Activists say that rising rents are making it increasingly difficult for people to find affordable housing.
It is the fourth "Fat Rent Party" to be held in Hamburg this year. Its organizers aim to draw attention to skyrocketing rents in the city through flashmob-style protests at open apartment viewings. Meanwhile, in Berlin, activists from a group that calls itself the Hedonist International have been turning up to hold protests at flat viewings in the rapidly gentrifying eastern neighborhood of Friedrichshain. A video on the group's website shows protesters dancing around naked at a recent viewing, holding up signs that read "exorbitant rents."
The new form of protest was apparently invented by a group called Jeudi Noir ("Black Thursday") in Paris around five years ago. In a bid to draw attention to what they consider intolerable rents in the French capital, the group stormed flats and real estate agencies, where they drank champagne, threw confetti and played music.
Anti-gentrification activists in Germany also see plenty to protest about. A new study by the real estate research institute Empirica revealed that rents are rising rapidly in Germany's major cities. In Berlin, rents have risen by 14 percent in the last year, while Cologne has seen increases of 12 percent. Frankfurt and Hamburg have both seen year-on-year increases of 7 percent. The reason for the rising rents is the increasing number of people moving to big cities and the fact that many people are living alone, combined with a decrease in the number of new flats being built, Empirica's Reiner Braun told the Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung newspaper.
For this latest "Fat Rent Party," the Hamburg activists have chosen to visit a property described as a "well renovated, comfortable one-bedroom apartment," located in the Schanzenviertel neighborhood just a stone's throw away from the center of the area's nightlife.
Around 30 protestors dance a conga line through the apartment to the Madness song "Our House," which is blasting out of a boombox. They drink sparkling wine from plastic cups and hold up cardboard signs with anti-gentrification slogans.
With its wooden floors, bathtub and fitted kitchen, the flat is clearly a desirable property. The only drawback is the price: The monthly rent, plus utilities, for the 47-square-meter (500-square-foot) apartment comes to 723 ($926), a huge amount even by Hamburg's standards.
The rent is actually too expensive for Johanna, a 21-year-old law student, but she has come to see the flat anyway. Currently living with her parents, she has been looking for a new place for months, and she knows that she won't find anything better. "If you find a cheaper flat in the newspaper, there will be a line of people all down the block at the viewing," she shouts, as the party rages around her.
"We mainly want publicity," says Jonas, who has been helping to organize the "Fat Rent Parties" together with other activists from the Hamburg-based movement Right to the City. "We need a housing policy that is geared to the interests of tenants -- not to profit."
'I'm Joining the Protesters!'
The people who have come to the flat viewing are almost all white, German and middle class -- the only demographic that can afford such high rents. The protest action appears to go down well with the apartment hunters, who were given flyers at the door. The rent that is being asked seems too much even for the neatly dressed students and the well-heeled parents looking for a place for their kids who have come to see the apartment.
"I'm joining the protesters!" announces one woman from the town of Itzehoe, when she finds out that the deposit and the realtor's commission together will come to over 4,000. Her daughter and a female friend, who are studying in Hamburg and are looking for a place together, stand beside her, looking embarrassed.
The friend's father is also there -- and has his own opinions about the real estate market. "When she lived in the city of Osnabrück, my daughter only paid 350 for a 40-square-meter apartment, including utilities!" he says. But provincial cities like Itzehoe and Osnabrück are not Hamburg, and the Schanzenviertel neighborhood is in demand. "Numerous pubs and restaurants are just a few minutes' walk away," write the realtors in the Internet ad for the flat.
Indeed, Hamburg is not a cheap place to live. According to the local tenants association, Hamburg residents spend between 36 and 45 percent of their monthly income on rent, significantly higher than the German average of just over 25 percent.
In recent years, the city has become the front line in a bitter conflict over gentrification, with artists squatting buildings in protest against investment plans and members of the far-left scene attacking private property.
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