Rediscovering Alexander Moritz Frey Eye-Witness Account of Hitler's WWI Years Found
Part 2: 'A Certain Cunning Talent'
"He was alone in the manner of a predator before it leaps, imagining its prey. He didn't see his surroundings."
But his account gives new insight into Hitler's character during those formative years. "When people claim that he had been a coward, that's not true," Frey writes. "But he also wasn't brave; he lacked the composure for that. He was always alert, ready to act, back-stabbing, very concerned about himself."
Frey, a pacifist, served as a medical assistant in the regiment. He once had to treat Hitler, and "gave him some sort of tablet to swallow." However Hitler ignored Frey's recommendation that he see a doctor -- so that he would gain the reputation among his comrades of someone who soldiered on despite being ill. "He made sure that ... it came to the ears of the officers that Hitler has a 'terrific throat infection' but is doing his duty nonetheless," Frey writes.
Frey believed that the reason Hitler was never promoted -- a question which has vexed historians for many years -- was the same reason why he himself was happy to remain a medical assistant. Those serving in the trenches were more likely to get promotions. But as dangerous as many duties behind the lines were, there were fewer privations. "Compared to the terrible hardship of serving in the trenches, our posting was a small relief, complete with small comforts," Frey writes.
Frey, who was born in 1881 in Munich, originally studied law in Heidelberg and Freiburg but decided early on that he wanted to be a writer. He returned to Munich and dedicated himself to writing short stories and novels, specializing in the emerging genre of fantastic literature, which would later become science fiction.
After the war, Frey returned to Munich and his career went from strength to strength. His novels were well-received and for several years he wrote regularly for the famous satirical magazine "Simplicissmus."
But one unpleasant figure from his past kept cropping up. "After the end of the war in Munich, where we both lived, I often saw Hitler, although I never spoke to him again," Frey writes in "The Unknown Private."
He also ran into Hitler in the popular Café Heck, where Hitler tried to get his henchman Max Amann -- who had been in the same regiment as Frey and Hitler and later became an influential early Nazi Party member -- to convert the young writer to the Nazi cause. "'Hitler will make it, believe me, Frey, he will make it,'" Frey recalled Amann as saying. "'And you will regret it if you don't listen to me,' he told me. ... I made it unmistakably clear to him that I did not share the Nazi worldview."
Frey even ran into Hitler on the street the evening before the infamous 1923 Bierhall Putsch, which came to a violent end on Munich's Odeonsplatz. "He was alone, prowling along in the manner of a predator before it leaps, imagining its prey. He didn't see his surroundings," he later recalled.
Years later, Frey saw Hitler one last time, on March 15, 1938 when Hitler proclaimed the Anschluss of Austria on Vienna's Heldenplatz. Frey had fled Munich in 1933 after his apartment was raided and a warrant was issued for his arrest. He first went to Innsbruck before heading to Salzburg, where he slipped further and further into poverty, unable to get published.
And after the Nazis arrived, Frey didn't stay long in Austria either, escaping to Switzerland three days after the Anschluss. He would spend the rest of his life in Switzerland, perpetually struggling with the authorities to be allowed to stay.
After the war, Frey continued to fight against the Nazis, leading a personal crusade against 88 German authors who had signed a statement pledging their allegiance to Hitler in 1933. Nevertheless, Frey and his works were slowly forgotten. He died in January 1957.
Now though, thanks to Ernsting, Frey is back in the spotlight. Ernsting believes the newly-discovered accounts of Hitler are significant in that they help to "debunk the image of the Führer who did not shave and did not take a shower and was untouchable, and all this mythology Hitler created for himself."
"We're still treating Hitler like he's some holy man or something," he comments. "Let's stop doing that. He was just a pathetic little psychopath and they all fell for it."
"Der Phantastische Rebell Alexander Moritz Frey" ("The Fantastic Rebel Alexander Moritz Frey") by Stefan Ernsting is published by Atrium Verlag, Zurich.
- Part 1: Eye-Witness Account of Hitler's WWI Years Found
- Part 2: 'A Certain Cunning Talent'