Die Homepage wurde aktualisiert. Jetzt aufrufen.
Hinweis nicht mehr anzeigen.

The Lost Decade: What the World Can Learn from 10 Years of Excesses

By , Gabor Steingart and Merlind Theile

The first decade of the 21st century was marked by crises. Militant Islamists attacked New York, the financial system crashed, the climate is threatened by catastrophe and democracy lost some of its standing. All this put together has spelled a debacle for the West, although the Internet represents a ray of hope.

Zoom
DPA

Philipp Blom is a man who knows something about the beginnings of centuries. He is sitting in Café Korb in Vienna, a place where time does not so much move as remain frozen in place. He is here to compare the beginning of the 21st century with the beginning of the 20th century.

Blom has written a wonderful book, "The Vertigo Years," about Europe in the years between 1900 and 1914, a period he describes as a nervous time. The pace had quickened, and new inventions, particularly the automobile and the telephone, condensed and accelerated life. It was overwhelming for many people, and "neurasthenia" or nervous exhaustion became the disorder of the age. Today we would talk about "burnout."

Photo Gallery

10  Photos
Photo Gallery: The Age of Terrorism

On the other hand, says Blom, it was a time of hope and utopian ideas. People looked forward to the future, and to a more affluent, equitable and pleasant world. Then the Great War began.

Blom sees both parallels and differences between that era and today. At the beginning of the 21st century, there has also been a surge of innovation that has condensed and accelerated life, he says, and this time new technology -- the Internet and, to an even greater degree, the combination of the Internet and the mobile phone -- is also the driving force behind change.

The difference, says Blom, is that the beginning of this century has not yielded any hope for the future. Blom utters a depressing sentence: "We don't want a future, we want a present that doesn't end." It isn't as if this present were so attractive, he says -- it's just that people are worried that things could get even worse.

In a few days, the first decade of the 21st century and of the third millennium will come to an end. It was a decade that began, not with a smooth transition into a new era but with a bang. It was a decade filled with crisis years: the 9/11 crisis, the climate crisis, the financial crisis and the crisis of democracy. Taken together, they represent a general crisis for the West. Things could hardly have gone any worse over the course of decade.

Great Hopes

Ironically, the new decade began with great hopes. New Year's Eve 1999 was one of the biggest parties of all time. Money was available in abundance, because the Internet-driven "New Economy" promised new wealth. The Germans, who up until then had been known as über-cautious investors, were suddenly putting their money into stocks, which meant that they were optimistic.

At the end of 1999, the Allensbach Institute for Public Opinion Research found that 55 percent of Germans were "hopeful" about the future, while only 14 percent were "fearful."

The West was dreaming, not only of wealth, but of eternal peace. People still believed the words of Francis Fukuyama, then-deputy director of the State Department's Policy Planning Staff, who famously wrote in 1992: "What we may be witnessing is not just the end of the Cold War, or the passing of a particular period of post-war history, but the end of history as such: that is, the end point of mankind's ideological evolution and the universalization of Western liberal democracy as the final form of human government."

But the new decade had hardly begun before the New Economy crashed and many stocks were suddenly worthless. Then, on Sept. 11, 2001, two airliners, hijacked by radical Islamists, crashed into the World Trade Center in New York. It was the end of the end of history.

The new decade was now on the road to becoming the lost decade: lost in terms of peace, wealth creation and democratization.

By the end of 2002, only 31 percent of Germans were hopeful about the future. By the end of 2008, that number had risen, but only to 34 percent.

Retreat into an Infantile World

The internationally most successful film of the decade was "Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King." Harry Potter was the most successful literary character. Both are children's stories that are also enjoyed by adults. We are withdrawing into an infantile world, in which attractive heroes conquer evil. The modern fairy tale is our response to a harsh world.

In the reality of the first decade, evil did not come from monsters but from our neighbors, who had no bad intentions. Our neighbors' stock market investments stoked the financial crisis, their SUVs contributed to the climate crisis, their abstention from voting to the crisis of democracy. And now their viruses are transmitting swine flu. With the exception of terrorists, the villains of the decade were innocents.

It also became clear that everyone is, in fact, everyone else's neighbor. It wasn't until the beginning of the 21st century that people realized what globalization really means. Chinese air pollution is a Dutch problem. The collapse of the American real estate market can cost a worker in the French chemical industry his or her job. In the climate and the financial system, everything is interconnected.

This interconnectedness is consistent with the way communication has brought humanity together. Mobile phones are everywhere, as is the Internet. Younger people, in particular, maintain dense networks of friends worldwide, using Twitter and Skype. Google enables anyone anywhere to gain access to virtually all of human knowledge. It is now possible to be kept informed about world events more or less in real time. And local knowledge is no longer the sole privilege of the residents of a given place. With the help of GPS, Google Earth and navigation systems, everyone can now be at home anywhere in the world.

The world has become a very small place in the first decade of the new millennium. Everyone is now a global citizen, whether they live in rural Germany or in New York City. Everyone can be reached everywhere by almost everything, by news or love letters, by the consequences of toxic financial products, by the consequences of climate change or by human bombs originating in some remote corner of Waziristan.

This is the world at the end of the first decade of the 21st century, a world marked by four serious crises -- and a technological development that nourishes hope.

Article...
Comments
Discuss this issue with other readers!
8 total posts
Show all comments
    Page 1    
1. The next decade
prophetofdoom 12/28/2009
The most likely event in the next decade is genocidal war. Most of the problems of the previous decade were caused by too many people competing for and consuming limited resources. The exponential growth in human population has peaked. The natural mathematical progression of any exponential curve is collapse; not further growth or a plateau. The current human population is unsustainable. We consume more than the planet can continue to produce. The logical way to reduce that consumption is to reduce the number of consumers. War for territory and resources is inevitable and the generals in that war will recognize that the "enemies" are the innocent but competing consumers of those limited resources. Genocide is currently a crime against civilized humanity. However, civilization is unsustainable. The laws of civilization will therefore be set aside until an economically viable and ecologically sustainable population and civilization is possible; a population of around 2 billion.
2. Self destruction
Subverted 12/29/2009
Hah, looks like some people wasted a bit of time. Why not talk about the self destruction of this decade? The way people have been more and more focused on human destruction and even slavery should not go amiss in talks of the wasted decade. Homelessness rose sharply. Slavery and outsourcing increase. People become addicted to designer drugs like Hydrocodone and oxycontin. Luckily, I haven't been a physical victim or entirely psychological victim of your waste. Since I grew up in areas where people took and trafficked all kind of drugs, I learned to avoid drugs. So that form of self destruction that many even rich people engage in with their Oxycontin use is something I Havent been the victim of. Micheal Jackson and more recently Britney Murphy both of whom took as much Hydrocodone as Rush Limbaugh. Since I noticed people are going into suicide mode I decided self preservation was probably a useful activity and that I would come out on top in the future. Thus I have gone through and removed all household chemicals and use vinegar as the sole cleaning agent even for washing clothes and hair. Staying up north is also nicely preservationist, as I am not being destroyed by the sun or global warming or the drugs people take down south. My self preservation techniques are developing ever better. Using only single items like olive oil and vinegar to cook and clean with, avoiding cell phones, and rejecting bubble design phenomenon of mass media graphics is only part of my extremely manly rejection of self destruction.
3. Preservation techniques for the Wasted Decade
Subverted 12/29/2009
Self preservation is very exciting and manly. I have discovered even potential dangers others don't know about yet, such as hot drinks connecting to throat cancer. I used a candy thermometer and found out the safe temperature from studies and how many cubes of ice needed to quickly bring a boiling cup of tea to the right temp. Now that I know how to do it, it is second nature, and I have preserved myself. I've analysed everything on the basis of preservation including teeth care. This way, even if people waste my time, I am essentially preserved. I also found out doing some research that anger was destructive to the mind and results from stress. And that both can be controlled with B Vitamins. Thus another way of preservation. Studies show animal proteins cause osteoporosis. I am conveniently vegetarian. The cool thing is I figured this out when still relatively young - 31! I also know what stretches are good to prevent tendon or muscle injury, thus insuring I need no pain killers like hydrocodone. Also good is not using a microwave, because microwaves kill all the nutrients in food. You can preserve yourself for all time. I also use a special split keyboard like this one. I also put Dvorak on it, a different layout that is more ergonomic. I have pains in my fingers now, but thinking ahead, I can prevent them from happening. [img]http://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/414QERTWPKL._SS500_.jpg[/img]
4. western mortality rate
Subverted 12/29/2009
Basically, the rich people are trying to kill off the poor and middle class. In this dangerous age of culling and using people for mortgage scams (owning a house too causes self destruction because you need a car to get to it and you don't walk or take exercise.), it is all part of the western mortality rate. That's what this decade is all about.
5. Religion for instance
Subverted 12/29/2009
Religion for instance - this decade wasted can be known for the upswing in religion. What was that about? Well, lets look at the parable of the crucifixion of Jesus. A working carpenter dies for the sins of the rich. That is basically the meaning of the parable. Today in wasted decade, the working class still die for the sins of the rich. A rich man cries when an underdog says: I will live and not die for you. The rich man is afraid. He tells the poor man to read the bible and says see: the poor are supposed to die for us, accept slavery. At that I laugh in the rich man's face.
Show all comments
    Page 1    

© SPIEGEL ONLINE 2009
All Rights Reserved
Reproduction only allowed with the permission of SPIEGELnet GmbH



Photo Gallery
Photo Gallery: The Global Downturn

Photo Gallery
Photo Gallery: The Rise of Globalization

International Newsletter
Sign up for our newsletter -- and get the very best of SPIEGEL in English sent to your email inbox twice weekly.
Twitter
Facebook