Photo Gallery Nazi Eugenics on Display in Dresden

For the first time ever, the US Holocaust Memorial Museum is staging a major exhibition outside the United States. The result is a detailed look at Nazi racial research -- at a site where some of that research was done.
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The exhibit "Deadly Medicine: Creating the Master Race" opened on Thursday in the Hygiene Museum in Dresden. The exhibition focuses on eugenics before and during the Nazi period in Germany.

Foto: DDP
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The Nazis used eugenics, also known as "racial hygiene" as a pseudo-scientific foundation for their racial theories.

Foto: DDP
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The Hygiene Museum in Dresden was not, at first, primarily interested in eugenics. Here, a poster for a 1911 exhibition held at the museum.

Foto: Deutsches Hygiene-Museum, Dresden
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The "Deadly Medicine" exhibition is the first major exhibition put on by the US Holocaust Memorial Museum outside the United States.

Foto: AFP
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"People in Danger" reads this 1934 poster. The implication was that the Germans were in danger of extinction if the country didn't raise its birth rates.

Foto: Archiv des Diakonischen Werkes der Evangelischen Kirche Deutschlands, Berlin
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The exhibition documents how scientists and doctors tried to classify the differences between different races. Here, a carved head of a Jew.

Foto: DPA
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Different facial characteristics among races were likewise classified.

Foto: DDP
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The "Honor Cross for German Mothers" was handed out to especially prolific mothers starting in 1938. Those who had four or five children got bronze. Six or seven kids would get you a silver. Those who popped out eight or more would get a gold medal.

Foto: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington D.C.
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The museum was opened to the press and to honored visitors on Wednesday. Here, German Interior Minister Wolfgang Schäuble visits the exhibition.

Foto: DDP
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