Photo Gallery: Soviet Sticks and Carrots in Postwar Berlin 12/05/2012
 East German Prime Minister Otto Grotewohl, left, congratulates Wilhelm Pieck,...
AP

East German Prime Minister Otto Grotewohl, left, congratulates Wilhelm Pieck, the newly elected president of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany), on October 11, 1949. The SED came about through a hard-fought merger of the Communist Party of Germany (KDP) and the eastern branch of the Social Democratic Party (SPD).