Photo Gallery Tsunami in the North Sea

The last known tsunami to hit Europe was over 8,000 years ago. However, new research reveals that there have been a number of deep-sea earthquakes since then, and that a landslide along the continental slopes could pose a serious risk to the cities and towns on the North Sea coast.
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Scottish Coast: 8,150 years agao, a tsunami raced across the North Sea, after a landslide off the coast of Norway. Geologists have discovered that waves of up to six meters (20 feet) high hit the Scottish coast.

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The hatched areas show the extent of the Yermak Slide. Around 30,000 years ago the landslide caused tsunamis along the North Sea. Whether the same happens again depends upon the sediment mixture along the continental slope. There has been little research into these deposits so far.

Foto: Daniel Winkelmann, AWI
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The Yermak Slide caused huge pieces of earth to crash 1,400 meters into the deep sea. The height of the Eiffel Tower at 350 meters is shown to provide a comparison.

Foto: Daniel Winkelmann, AWI
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Scientists have compared the newly discovered 1508 earthquake with two previously known quakes. The light star shows the center of a 1929 quake, the dark star shows the center of the North Sea quake in 1927.

Foto: Roger M.W. Musson, British Geological Servey, Edinburgh, U.K.
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Landslide: The graphic shows the edge of the break and the area below where giant blocks of the cliff are visible amidst the debris.

Foto: Daniel Winkelmann, AWI
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