Back Channel Cooperation How Frontex Helps Haul Migrants Back To Libyan Torture Camps

Refugees are being detained, tortured and killed at camps in Libya. Investigative reporting by DER SPIEGEL and its partners has uncovered how close the European Union’s border agency Frontex works together with the Libyan coast guard.
A Libyan coast guard officer on board the Fezzan: Hauling refugees back to prison camps

A Libyan coast guard officer on board the Fezzan: Hauling refugees back to prison camps

Foto: Sara Creta
DER SPIEGEL 18/2021
SPIEGEL International
The Libyan coast guard during an interception operation: None of the refugees wants to go back.

The Libyan coast guard during an interception operation: None of the refugees wants to go back.

Foto: Sara Creta
Refugees swimming toward an NGO boat: The central Mediterranean is one of the most dangerous migration routes in the world.

Refugees swimming toward an NGO boat: The central Mediterranean is one of the most dangerous migration routes in the world.

Foto: Chris McGrath / Getty Images
"I don’t know where they’re taking me. It probably won’t be a good place."

Sheik Omar, 16

Migrants in detention centers in Tripoli are a lucrative business for the militias.

Migrants in detention centers in Tripoli are a lucrative business for the militias.

Foto: Sara Creta
An Ethiopian woman at the Tarik al-Sikka detention center in Tripoli: "Sexual violence, abduction for ransom, forced labor and unlawful killings."

An Ethiopian woman at the Tarik al-Sikka detention center in Tripoli: "Sexual violence, abduction for ransom, forced labor and unlawful killings."

Foto: Sara Creta
“Frontex officials know that the Libyan coast guard is hauling refugees back to Libya and that people there face torture and inhumane treatment."

Nora Markard, professor for international public law and international human rights