From Russia with Druzhba How Oil Gets to Central Europe
Russia supplies Germany with some 20 percent of its crude oil needs through its "Friendship" pipeline. But as this week's closure of that line shows, the supply is far from 100 percent reliable.
The Druszhba ("friendship") pipeline is one of the longest pipelines in the world and connects the oil fields in Western Siberia to the oil refineries in Europe. It is owned by the Russian pipeline monopolist Transneft.
Druszhba carries over 2 million barrels every day (159 liters -- 42 gallons per barrel); 1.4 to 1.6 million barrels go directly to the European Union, the rest remains in Belarus. The pipeline is divided into different branches in Belarus. The bigger northern branch connects to Germany via Poland. The southern branch crosses the Ukraine and leads to Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary.
Germany gets 500,000 barrels from this pipeline every day, a fifth of its total need. The companies Total, Shell and BP are the biggest customers of crude oil from this pipeline.
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