A Fateful Date November 9 Marks Highs and Lows in German History

November 9 is a key date in Germany's chequered 20th century history. It isn't just the 20th anniversary of the opening of the Berlin Wall. On this day in 1938, Nazi Germany launched a pogrom against its Jewish population in which more than 1,300 people died. SPIEGEL ONLINE looks at three events that occurred on this fateful date before 1989.
Von Christopher Lawton
Broken windows of a Jewish shop on the morning after a Nazi pogrom on Nov 9, 1938.

Broken windows of a Jewish shop on the morning after a Nazi pogrom on Nov 9, 1938.

Foto: ddp