Taboo No More? SPD Flirts with Left-Wing Coalition

The far-left Left Party has long been a pariah in German federal politics. But the latest elections have confirmed it is not going away, and leaders of the Social Democrats now openly regard it as a potential coalition partner in the future.

The Left Party has become increasinly mainstream over the past several years. Will it be part of government after the 2017 election?

The Left Party has become increasinly mainstream over the past several years. Will it be part of government after the 2017 election?

By Andrew Bowen

Leaders of Germany's center-left Social Democratic Party (SPD) and center-right Christian Democratic Union (CDU) are all but certain to agree on forming a "grand coalition" government before year's end. Yet frustration over a number of outstanding issues between the two parties has led the SPD to openly flirt with an idea that was long categorically rejected: a three-way coalition with the Greens and the far-left Left Party.

The SPD began a party conference in Leipzig on Thursday, and delegates are set to vote on a document outlining the party's future platforms. SPD General Secretary Andrea Nahles said the document states the party will "no longer rule out any coalition, except (one) with right-wing extremist parties."

The document, and accompanying statements from other SPD leaders, have generated significant buzz among German politicos, not least among Left Party leaders themselves. Sahra Wagenknecht, the deputy head of the Left Party's parliamentary group, called on the SPD to "immediately break off" official coalition talks with the CDU and shift its focus to the Greens and Left Party.

The three-way coalition, commonly called "red-red-green" for the parties' official colors, is already mathematically possible. Elections in September gave them a slim collective majority in Germany's parliament, the Bundestag. But Wagenknecht's calls were clearly premature. The language in the SPD document is as much a gesture of openness toward the Left Party as a challenge to its leaders to moderate their positions and embrace a more pragmatic approach to governance.

'Willingness to Compromise'

The Social Democrats' new stance toward the Left Party comes as leaders have expressed frustration with the ongoing coalition talks with Chancellor Angela Merkel's CDU. Nahles said Wednesday in an interview with the Frankfurter Rundschau newspaper that she expected "tough debates" between the parties in the coming weeks, and that the new position toward the Left Party was simply a willingness to talk in the future.

The move has even found surprising acceptance among more conservative quarters of the SPD. Johannes Kahrs, spokesman for the party's internal centrist group the Seeheimer Circle, called it a "sensible step."

"We're saying to the Left Party: Become capable of forming a coalition, then you're in the game," he told SPIEGEL ONLINE.

Anton Hofreiter, parliamentary chair of the Green Party, also welcomed the SPD's shift and said it was now up to the Left Party to prove its members are ready to give up unreasonable demands.

"They have to show in the next for years that their supposed readiness to govern is also reflected in a willingness to compromise on the difficult questions of financial, European and foreign policy," he told daily newspaper Die Welt.

Here to Stay

The Left Party was created in 2007 out of a merger of the Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS), the successor to the former East German Communist Party, and WASG, a group of trade unionists and disgruntled former SPD members based in western Germany. The association with East Germany and all the terrors of its dictatorship have kept the Left Party shut out from coalition governments at the federal level.

Yet the party has become decidedly more mainstream in recent years. While it lost a dozen seats in parliament after the most recent elections, the Left -- and its PDS predecessor -- still outperformed the far more mainstream Green Party in 2005, 2009 and 2013. It also served as junior coalition partner with the SPD in the city-state government of Berlin until 2011, and currently governs alongside the SPD in Brandenburg.

Some in the Left Party have been content to remain a protest party with little decision-making power in national politics. But more moderate factions in the party recognize their potential as kingmakers, and representatives have been quietly meeting with members of the SPD and Greens to prepare for a red-red-green coalition.

All three parties largely agree in principle on domestic issues like a national mandatory minimum wage, marriage rights for same-sex couples and asylum policy reform. However, foreign policy remains a mine field. The Left is far more blunt in its criticism of Israel, and it adamently opposes all foreign deployments of the German military, mostly notably in Afghanistan. But with the last German troops scheduled to leave the country next year, the sticking point may be moot by the next federal elections in 2017.


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lms44 11/14/2013
1. SPD would be wise to listen to Sahra Wagenknecht
After another grand coalition with Merkel, SPD will likely loose even more support. Germany does not need a caretaker government at this point. The majority of Germans vote left of center and its about time the government reflected this.
Fritz Oz 11/15/2013
2. SPD courting the LINKE
It would be a major disaster for Germany to have such a marriage. The Right Wing Extremists would have a field day in recruiting old and young a like.
sneeekysteve 11/15/2013
3. Reason
This is the reason the US and Britain spy on Germany. Germany has always flirted with left wing politics. Its unsettling to the western alliance. Do you really think the "five eyes" a/k/a the "anglo saxon security agencies" will admit Germany with these types of political alliances occurring. Like I always say, Germany is a great ally when the conservatives are in power, but not when the Social Democrats get into power.
dirk_41 11/15/2013
4. How silly can you get?
The social democrats seem to forget that also the left wingers will have to compromise. And that does not seem very realistic when it comes to their core demands. Besides, Nahles and her comrades seem to forget that they were disastrously defeated just a short while ago. And why not go the whole hog and form the tripartite coalition today? The grand coaltion being formed right now doesn't seem to be to their liking, anyway. Why not ruin the country today? Why wait another four years?
clinesteron 11/15/2013
5. Spd/lp
Germany should use it's power in Europe to set a good example for the rest of the EU by promoting leftist politics. I wish we had a party like the "Left Party" in the UK. Rightist parties for far too long have been promoting the politics of Neo-Liberal Selfish Capitalism, at the expense of the ecology and the planet. We have to stop this before we remove an essential link and bring on our own extinction.
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