They have very few public transportation systems.
If nothing changes soon, Africa's cities could be threatened with collapse.
All important functions in the company, from the tram driver all the way up to the company director, are double-staffed for the first three years. This provides the Ethiopians, who are new to this kind of transport system, with someone to speak to if they run into problems.
This knowledge transfer is costing the country an additional $300 million.
One is Elani Yilma.
Out of fear of harassment, the single mother has asked that we not use her real name or show photos of her children.
And soon, many others will no longer be able to afford to live in the affected areas. Rents for apartment buildings rose by an average of 61 percent between 2012 and 2016 and as high as 100 percent in some neighborhoods along the tram lines.
It's urgent that more be done to help the people who have been left behind by these changes.
This report is part of the Expedition #BeyondTomorrow project.
Text: Bernhard Riedmann, Stefan Schultz
Editing: Yasmin El Sharif, Jens Radü
Photos: Bernhard Riedmann, Stefan Schultz
Videos: Bernhard Riedmann
Animation: Arne Kulf
Mood-Videos: Lorenz Kiefer, Saka Tourè
360-Degree Videos: Bernhard Riedmann
Graphics: Chris Kurt
Photo Editing: Nasser Manouchehri
Fact-Checking: Mara Küpper
Copy Editing: Bastian Bredtmann
Programming: Chris Kurt
Additional video footage provided by the City of Addis Ababa.
Additional photos from: dpa, Getty Images, Google Earth, Imago/Chromorange, Imago/photothek
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